The dry skin (or xerosis) leg is a skin disease that affects many people, especially when the weather is cold.
Healthy skin is covered by a thin layer of natural lipids or fatty substances that retain moisture leaving the skin soft and elastic.
Women tend to be more concerned about dry skin than men for aesthetic reasons, since a person with dry skin looks older.
What are the causes of dry skin or xerosis?
In general, substances present in the environment or skin treatments reduce these fats and leave the skin unprotected.
Patches of dry skin that cause itching can appear on any part of the body, but are more frequent on the arms, hands and legs.
The face may also be affected, although in this case an anomalous phenomenon occurs: some areas of the skin are bright and others are dry.
The sebaceous glands are found on the forehead, nose and chin, so in these areas the skin can be oily, while on the cheeks the skin is drier.
The symptoms are usually the most serious problem of dry skin, although the aesthetic aspect can also cause embarrassment. For black people, dry skin is an even more serious problem, because the scales of the skin are gray.
If left untreated, dry skin can cause dermatitis ( inflammation of the skin), swelling and even an infection .
In general, dry skin is due to external causes, so the treatment is usually external or topical.
Causes of dry skin on the legs
Although in most cases dry skin is due to environmental factors, some diseases can affect the skin considerably:
Among the possible causes of dry skin are:
Climate . Generally the skin is drier in winter, when temperatures and humidity levels drop.
This problem can also occur in desert regions, where temperatures are high and humidity levels are very low.
Heat : artificial heating, stoves and chimney reduce humidity and dry the skin.
Hot baths and showers: very long and hot baths and showers can dry the skin.
Swimming often also dries the skin, especially in pools that contain a lot of chlorine.
Soaps and detergents of low quality . Many of the soaps and detergents found in supermarkets remove moisture from the skin.
Deodorant and antibacterial soaps are usually the most harmful.
Many shampoos can dry even the scalp.
Exposure to the sun : the sun dries the skin, the ultraviolet rays penetrate beyond the superficial layer of the skin.
The most significant damage from sun exposure occurs under the skin, causing deep wrinkles and sagging skin.
Exposing yourself to the sun without applying a sunscreen usually causes dry skin in the following days.
After at least a week, there are usually clear spots on the skin, in the area where the surface layer of the skin is detached.
Keratosis pilaris is a skin disease that causes dry skin and small red dots in the hair follicles.
Keratin plugs are formed that clog the follicles.
This disorder should not be confused with ingrown hairs , which occur when the hair grows inside the skin and not out.
diseases People with skin diseases such as atopic dermatitis (eczema) or psoriasis , which causes rapid formation of dry, dead and hard cells with thick scales, are prone to dry skin.
Although diabetes is not a skin disease, it can also lead to peripheral circulation problems, especially in the feet.
The consequence is a dry, rough skin and the formation of ulcers ( diabetic foot ).
Symptoms that occur along with dry skin on the legs
Dry skin is usually a temporary disorder (for example, it occurs only in winter), but in some cases it can be permanent.
Generally, the skin is drier on the arms and legs, although this is not always the case.
The signs and symptoms of dry skin depend on age, health, the environment in which one lives, time spent outdoors and the cause of the problem.
Dry skin can cause:
- A feeling of tension in the skin, especially after showering, bathing or swimming
- Cracking and peeling skin
- Rough skin
- Flaking from mild to severe
- Fine lines or cracks
- Gray skin in people with dark skin
- Redness of the skin
- Deep cracks that can bleed
How to combat dry skin on the legs?
Some foods are especially effective to promote beautiful, healthy and smooth skin, among which are:
- Omega-3 fats of animal origin
- Vegetables : fresh, organic and locally produced products are recommended. The juice of fresh vegetables is excellent for the skin. Carotenoids that provide red, orange and yellow fruits (their color) are also found in green vegetables. Studies have shown that eating foods containing these colored pigments can improve the appearance of the face, which shows healthier.
- The fermented vegetables are better because bacteria make them super foods that promote the growth of good intestinal bacteria, strengthen the immune system and improve digestion.
- Astaxanthin (a carotenoid ) is a potent antioxidant, effectively protecting against sun damage by staying exposed to the sun for a long time. Some sunscreens contain astaxanthin as an ingredient to protect the skin from damage.
What is the solution for dry legs?
1) Take an oatmeal bath a couple of times a week to soften the skin.
Put 2 cups of colloidal oatmeal in a tub full of hot water before submerging, soak for 20-30 minutes.
2) Bathe or shower only when necessary, because bathing removes the natural fat from the skin.
Use warm water, since very hot water can accelerate the drying process. Wash the body with a moisturizing soap that does not contain alcohol or perfumes.
Carry out a short wash and rinse thoroughly.
Dry the legs carefully with an absorbent cloth or a soft towel so as not to irritate the skin.
3) Apply a moisturizer for the legs after the bath and several times during the day to restore the moisture of the skin.
Use a dense lotion based on oil.
4) Humidify the air in the house with the help of a humidifier. At night, put the humidifier in the bedroom to prevent air from getting too dry and drying the skin.
5) Avoid the use of wool clothing and other materials that may rub or irritate the skin of the legs.
It is advisable to choose softer materials that allow the skin to breathe, such as cotton.
Warnings for dry skin on the legs
A doctor should be consulted if the legs become red or swollen.
It is recommended to consult a dermatologist if the natural remedies do not bring any results after a week. A professional can rule out the existence of possible diseases.
Keeping the body hydrated can prevent the worsening of dry skin.
You should drink plenty of water and avoid caffeine and alcohol, as they can cause dehydration and aggravate the situation.
Home remedy to quickly remove dry skin
1 – Take 50 ml of extra virgin olive oil, another virgin coconut oil and a pinch of turmeric.
Pour everything into a metal cup and heat a little to mix better.
2 – Cool the oil and store in a closed container.
Before the application, it is advisable to heat the oil a little and then apply it on dry skin massaging for 20 minutes.
3 – Take 2 cups.
Cup 1 – fill halfway with water, take some hibiscus leaves and crush them with your fingers. Filter the mucilage with a clean cloth to remove the remains of leaves.
Cup 2 – take a little curd and add the juice of a lemon.
Mix well to remove the solid part of the filter and dilute with water.
At the beginning, these procedures should be repeated on alternate days and after a week reduce the application to twice a week.
Pregnant women usually have drier skin than normal.
In these cases, almond oil is usually applied, which is an effective product and is not dangerous for the baby.
Almond oil and olive oil can also be used for the dry skin of babies.
Keeping the body hydrated can prevent the worsening of dry skin. You should drink plenty of water and avoid caffeine and alcohol in excess, as they can cause dehydration.