Dental problems in children

Dental problems in children that are often seen at the dentist:

• Dental caries
• Gum disease
• Tooth erosion • Sensitive teeth • Malocclusion
• Thumb sucking

• Tongue pressure

Dental caries
After colds, dental caries is one of the most common ailments not only in children, but also in adolescents and adults in the United States. This problem is due to the formation of plaque on the teeth.
Dental plaque is a sticky film that covers the teeth. It is caused by the combination of bacteria and the acid they release during the processing of sugar, food residues and saliva.

Gum disease
This infection, also known as periodontitis, of the gums begins with the formation of dental plaque.
This sticky film is removed from the teeth by brushing, but is formed again within 24 hours.
If it is present for more than 2 or 3 days, it becomes a more stubborn crusting that forms under the edge of the gums.
These are called tartar, which can only be removed by tooth cleaning. Simply brushing your teeth and flossing are not enough.
Tartar is a good breeding ground for bacteria. Therefore, over time, it leads to inflammation of the gums, which is called gingivitis.

Dental erosion
This dental problem is also known as acid erosion and is becoming increasingly common in children and adults.
Products such as fruit juices and carbonated drinks are naturally acidic, and drinking too much of these substances can lead to tooth enamel erosion.
Nocturnal bruxism means gnashing of teeth. In children suffering from this disorder, the affected tooth area may erode.

Sensitive teeth
Another common dental problem in children is increased tooth sensitivity.
As the name suggests, this condition causes discomfort in one or more teeth with hot or cold foods and drinks.

Malocclusion is simply a malposition of the teeth that leads to a false bite.
Children are more prone to this condition.

Tongue pressure Like thumb sucking, pressure
with the tongue can also be considered a common dental problem in children.
The tongue is in the wrong position when swallowing.

Like thumb sucking, this process can also put pressure on the teeth, causing them to lose their correct alignment.
Sometimes there may be bite injuries or speech complaints.


Does my child need braces or not?

When does a child need braces?
There is no specific time when a child might need braces.
In most cases, the orthodontist recommends a check-up at the age of 7 years.
Since the permanent teeth break out from the age of 6 years, the orthodontist may notice slight problems with jaw growth and the erupting teeth.
Early detection and treatment prevents future problems and creates suitable conditions for the pre-eruption and growth of permanent teeth.

Food can get stuck in the braces and it takes a lot of effort for the children to brush their teeth.
In addition, children with braces must avoid certain hard foods, sticky candies, popcorn and chewing gum.
These could get stuck in the braces and cause damage.

Why do children need braces?

There are some signs that will help the orthodontist decide if the child needs braces. These include:

  • Severe tooth constriction, in which the teeth are too dense and do not leave sufficient space for the growth of adult teeth.
  • Obliquity of the jaw and malocclusion, with the upper and lower jaws being too narrow, too small or underdeveloped.
  • Enlarged overbite, in which the upper teeth cover the lower teeth (for example, when the upper incisors are in front of the lower ones).
  • A crossbite in which the lower teeth overlap the upper teeth.

How long do children have to wear braces?

Most children need braces for an average of two years.

Yellow teeth in children, causes and remedy

Thin enamel One of the most common and poorly diagnosed causes of yellowed teeth is the presence of thin enamel.
The enamel represents the outermost layer of the tooth and is not only the hardest structure of the human body, but also the substance that gives the teeth their white color. Under the enamel is the dentin (dentin), which is somewhat yellower and also sensitive to heat and cold.
Some children naturally have a very thin layer of enamel or the enamel has become thinner due to food, brushing too much, or carbonated drinks. In this case, it is not a yellowish tint, but the dentin that shines through the tooth.

Stains Some children brush their teeth very poorly, which can lead to yellow teeth.
As a result, they are struggling very hard with plaque and tartar.
This is often seen in children with braces, as proper dental hygiene with these appliances is often not easy.
When using braces, brushing your teeth twice a day is not enough.
The person concerned should go to the dentist for tooth cleaning and have the substances that settle on the tooth surface removed.
Medications: internal and external stains
There are some medications that make the teeth stained. They can cause internal or external stains on the teeth, yellowing or black spots may appear.
Among the main culprits are tetracyclines.
Tetracyclines are antibiotics used to treat various infections and fevers.
One of the main side effects of tetracyclines is that they lead to yellowing of teeth in children.
In fact, studies have shown that when taking tetracycline in pregnant women, the child’s erupted teeth may be affected.

Black teeth, causes and treatment

Black teeth can be a very unpleasant and unaesthetic disorder.

Poor oral hygiene One of the most common causes of black teeth is oral hygiene
. In today’s hectic world, maintaining dental hygiene and health often becomes an unimportant matter.
For example, people do not brush their teeth regularly or delay a visit to the dentist until toothache becomes unbearable.
If you do not keep your mouth clean, plaque and tartar will form on your teeth.
When you drink coffee or sugary drinks, they are deposited on your teeth and they slowly turn black. This is one of the main causes of black teeth in children.
Teeth can also become gray, dull or brown due to fungi and bacteria growing on the tooth surface.

Dental caries
The second most common cause of black teeth is dental caries.
If a person does not brush their teeth regularly, bacteria will settle in the interdental spaces or the grooves and cracks on the tooth surface.

At first, it may look like a slight brownish depigmentation (discoloration).
However, if the tooth structure continues to lose minerals, the caries slowly softens and causes black teeth.
If the caries is not treated at this stage, it can penetrate to the dentin and pulp and cause pain and swelling.

White spots on milk teeth
White spots can be caused by fluorosis, which is an excess of fluorine in the blood due to diet or supplements.
If the patient does not change the diet, he risks the formation of cavities or grooves in the teeth.

When does teething begin in children?

When do the milk teeth break out? How many are there?
It is very difficult to make a prediction regarding teething in children. There are no applicable parameters to accurately predict how long it will take for teething to begin in the child.
Children are born with 20 milk teeth.
These teeth are hidden under the gums, waiting to come out. In general, the first teeth appear after about 6 months and the last (molars or molars) after about 30 months.

The crucial phase for teething
This phase begins between the 4th and 7th month. Teething in children at the age of 4 months is rare, but not impossible.
Also, the absence of teeth in a child of about 9 months is not uncommon.
Most children have a smile with a single tooth when they are about 6 months old.
Some symptoms of milk teeth falling out are mild discomfort, loss of appetite and swollen and inflamed gums.

The final phase

This phase begins when the first molars and incisors have grown in the child at about 15 or 16 months.
After that, the canines grow and finally the second molars that complete the row of teeth.
When the child is about 3 years old, you can take a perfect photo of a smile with 20 milk teeth.
The timing of teething has hereditary backgrounds.

At 3 years old, the child has about 20 milk teeth. A few years after the row of teeth has grown completely, the first teeth fall out.
This usually begins when the child is about 6 years old.
They turn out in the same order as they broke out.

6 to 7 years
The first tooth begins to wobble and eventually falls out.
It is usually one of the lower middle incisors that first breaks out and falls out in early childhood. Actually, the milk teeth do not fall out, but the underlying adult tooth presses against it and the tooth roots of the milk tooth dissolve, so that the crown no longer has a hold.

7 to 8 years
The milk teeth usually fall out in the same order in which they broke out, the first grown tooth also detaches first, starting from the center to the outside.
Normally, children’s teeth stand wide, but in some cases, a hypertrophic frenulum forms between two teeth, separating and keeping them separate.

9 to 13 years
When the milk teeth fall out, the new teeth are initially very large. Eight new teeth (molars and premolars) occupy the entire space in the child’s mouth.
At this stage, the dentist may suggest sealing the molars.
This process consists of applying a resin to the teeth to prevent the formation of tooth decay.

14 to 23 years
Up to the age of 20 you have 28 teeth, later the third molars (or wisdom teeth) appear, which increase the total number to 32.

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