If you’ve ever had a bad night’s sleep, you probably had to deal with dark circles under your eyes the next day. But after all, what are dark circles?
They can have different causes and treatments, and are further classified by type. So, before attempting homemade measures to deal with the problem, it is important to find out which case fits you first.
No problem if you don’t know the types of dark circles: the Hickey solution team went after all the information you need to know. Here we tell you more about the subject and how to solve the dreaded dark spots.
What causes dark circles?
Dark circles are an atypical concentration of blood vessels or melanin in the region below the eyes. They are characterized by dark spots, which can be purple or brown, but with different causes and, consequently, treatments.
They may have a genetic origin: those who have black skin or Arab origin may notice a stronger concentration of dark circles. It is important to remember that in this case it is a hereditary issue, not necessarily related to external agents.
It is still possible that they are the result of health problems, such as diseases, or even the use of some medicines. So, always consult a doctor and read the package insert.
However, the most common causes of dark circles are poor blood circulation and excess melanin.
These problems can be the result of daily habits: lack of sleep is the most known cause, but the stains can originate in food, in the consumption of cigarettes and alcohol, in the lack of sun protection and even in stress .
All of these factors can lead to low blood circulation and / or a concentration of pigmentation (yes, it is possible to have different types of dark circles at the same time).
For you to understand what is causing your dark circles, the first step is to know more about each one.
Vascular or purple circles
They are caused by poor blood circulation, which leads to the accumulation of vessels, causing an intense shade of purple or blue. It is also common in people with thin, clear skin.
Pigmentary Dark Circles
They have brown tones, being darker than vascular ones. Causes of local hyperpigmentation, occur more frequently in dark skin.
Deep Dark Circles
They create a deep effect under the eyes, and are caused by lack of volume, which can be the result of genetics, aging or weight loss, when the region loses its natural filling.
Puffy bags under the eyes: can it be dark circles?
Incredible as it may seem, the puffiness under the eyes is not considered dark circles: what happens is the formation of pockets of fat.
It is possible that dark circles are accompanied by puffiness, but when it occurs alone, it is a different problem. In that case, the treatment must be done with health professionals, and can even be surgical.
How to treat at home?
Precisely because there are many types of dark circles, there are many treatments available. Before starting any intervention, talk to a dermatologist to find out what is your case. After all, you don’t want to throw money away by buying an ineffective product for your situation, right?
But, if you need an emergency measure to cover up the spots, there are homemade techniques that soothe dark circles and reduce puffiness. It is worth remembering that these alternative treatments do not replace the clinical approach, as they tend to have an immediate effect, but not in the long term.
Here are the most common methods for treating dark circles at home:
They can be made with ice packs, ice water or other cold applications in the affected region. Low temperatures help to reduce swelling and fluid retention, softening the appearance of the eyes. Ten minutes are enough for you to feel the difference.
It is not a movie thing: cucumber contains antioxidant properties and helps to diminish the appearance of the vessels, in addition to improving the appearance of the skin as a whole.
To enhance the effect, keep the cucumber in the refrigerator and use it when it is chilled, so you combine its properties with the action of the cold compress.
Its effect is similar to cucumber, with the added bonus of having a whitening function. Apply a sachet of tea (already cold, so as not to burn your skin) over each eye and leave for a few minutes. If you can keep the sachet in the refrigerator before use, even better.
This is an advantageous technique because it requires nothing more than your hands. When applying your morning moisturizer, use your fingertips to massage the eye area with movements from the inside out. Start at the area near the nose and touch gently until it reaches the temples.
You can also invest in a facial massager: in the form of a roller or balls, it stimulates local circulation, fighting dark circles. The golden tip is to keep it in the refrigerator, so that it also acts as a cold compress.
Cream and other cosmetics: can they soften dark circles?
Anti-pimple creams occupy many shelves in pharmacies, but they are not always effective. If dark circles are caused by pigmentation or by depth, the cream can alleviate the problem, acting as a whitener and / or filler. It is also able to hydrate the region, improving its appearance as a whole.
However, if the problem is circulatory, the cream will have no effect. That is why it is so important to know your type of dark circles before investing in dermocosmetics.
If you want to bet on creams and serums, look for versions with glycolic, kojic, hyaluronic or ascorbic acid (vitamin C), as they have lightening and renewing properties.
Don’t forget to make an appointment for a medical appointment before starting treatment, to ensure that your skin can receive the assets.
We have separated some product suggestions to control dark circles, know:
La Roche-Posay Pigmentclar Serum
The Pigmentclar La Roche-Posay Serum promises to reduce stains and improve local circulation, as well as illuminating the region. It is formulated with antioxidant actives, such as ferulic acid, and caffeine, which stimulates microcirculation.
Profuse Clair Eye Correct Color Whitening Gel
The Profuse Clair Eyes Correct Color Whitening Gel helps to disguise dark circles while promoting an immediate soothing effect. It also reduces swelling and inhibits melanin synthesis, responsible for skin pigmentation.
Clareador Facial Serum Avène D-Pigment
The Avène D-Pigment Facial Whitening Serum has depigmenting actives that help in cell renewal, improving the appearance of the skin around the eyes.
Ricca Keep Calm & Xô Canseira Eye Mask!
The Ricca Keep Calm & Xô Canseira Eye Mask! promotes a relaxing effect that helps to minimize the appearance of tiredness . It has hyaluronic acid and cucumber.
Payot Antifatigue Eye Contour Gel
The Gel for Eyes Contour Payot Antifatigue helps in reducing dark circles and bags, as well as providing elasticity and firmness to the skin.
Adcos Melan-Off Dark Circles Lightening
The Whitening of Dark Circles Adcos Melan-Off is formulated with different acids and helps to fight and prevent different types of dark circles, including vascular and pigmented.
Tract Vitamin C Eye Cream Gel
The Tracta Vitamin C Eye Cream Gel is indicated to even out skin tone, reduce puffiness in the eye area, moisturize and firm the area.
Océane Hydrogel Eye Mask
The Océane Hydrogel Eye Mask promises to soften dark circles and provide a young and rested look for the skin around the eyes.
Océane Cucumber Eye Pads Cucumber Eye Mask
The Océane Cucumber Eye Pads Cucumber Eye Mask is cucumber-based, helping to disguise signs of tiredness, including dark circles and puffiness under the eyes.
Roll-on Gel for Panvel Faces Eye Area
The Panvel Faces Eye Roll-on Gel acts directly on the prevention of dark circles, in addition to having anti-aging actives that improve the appearance of the skin.
What are the aesthetic treatments to eliminate dark circles?
In addition to topical products, there are in-office treatments that can help reduce dark circles. They promise to help both in cases of hyperpigmentation and in those caused by poor circulation.
As they must be performed by professionals, the procedures should only be done after evaluating your condition. The most popular are:
- Laser application;
- Pulsed light;
- Lymphatic drainage;
Each one acts in a different way, so it is necessary the approval of a doctor.
How to prevent them from appearing?
Just as you need to know your type of dark circles to prescribe treatment, prevention also varies from frame to frame. So, identify what is causing the problem and then attack it in the bud.
The good news is that there are universal techniques to help prevent spots and keep your face rested, but remember that some cases are unavoidable, such as the genetic issue.
Good sleep night
Your body needs to rest, and your skin needs to rest. Try to maintain a healthy sleep routine, with eight hours a night. Do not forget the quality of sleep, which also interferes with the skin.
Excess food with sodium and also alcoholic beverages is one of the factors responsible for dark circles, among other problems. Try to maintain a balanced diet, prioritizing the consumption of water and natural foods.
Hydration is an essential part of your skin care routine, and it also affects dark circles.
By taking care of your skin health as a whole, you also prevent blemishes. Invest in specific products for the eye area, as they will replenish the region’s natural moisture, stimulate collagen production and prevent dryness.
Exposure to the sun is a major cause of blemishes, including dark circles. Many people are in the habit of applying sunscreen, but they forget the eye area. So, try to invest in protectors and creams or makeup with sunscreen, so you also take care of this very delicate region.
Some bad habits, such as sleeping with makeup, can damage your skin and cause unwanted blemishes. So, be consistent in your daily care, keeping your skin clean, hydrated and protected with the products recommended for your case.
We hope you enjoyed our tips to prevent and combat dark circles. Do you also suffer from blemishes under the eyes? Tell us how you can get around this problem!