Phlegm cough (also called productive cough) is linked to the production of expectorated (mucus) or catarrh .
The catarrh is drained:
- From the nose.
- In the back of the throat.
The sputum can also be produced in the lungs.
It is very important to expel mucus from the body and not suppress it.
Phlegm occurs because there are many microbes and other particles that cause a respiratory disease.
The consequence is:
- The increased production of mucus,
- The cough.
Coughing is a defense mechanism; with it the lung expels:
- The irritants,
- The bacteria,
- The foreign bodies.
Catching a cold or cough once every 5 months is completely normal, but a chronic cough can have several causes.
In fact, there are many reasons to have cough with acute or chronic catarrh.
- 1 Other causes of catarrh cough
- 2 Symptoms that may accompany coughing with catarrh
- 3 Differences between phlegm cough and dry cough
- 4 Cough with phlegm in children and newborns
- 5 Treatment for coughs with phlegm in edicaments
- 6 Natural Remedies to Get Relief
- 7 Night Cough Remedies
- 8 How long does the cough with phlegm last? The prognosis
Causes of coughing with catarrh
Temporary cough – less than 3 weeks
Among the causes are:
The common cold is caused by a viral infection and is one of the most common causes of catarrh cough. The mucus that drips from the back of the throat causes coughing.
Cough and cold occur together in case of viral infection of the respiratory tract.
There are many bacteria that can cause a respiratory tract infection as well as lung infections.
To get rid of these microbes, the body secretes mucus that destroys these organisms.
Consequently, he suffers from a cough with phlegm. If the cough occurs after a bacterial infection, it may indicate a respiratory disease.
A viral infection or a continuous drainage of mucus from the back of the throat can cause a catarrh cough.
Persistent cough – more than 3 weeks
Causes of coughing with morning or daytime phlegm
- Bronchitis (acute and chronic),
- Emphysema (rarely occurs at night and wakes the patient, usually absent during the REM sleep phase),
- Bronchiectasis (bronchial malformation).
Causes of coughing with phlegm at night
During the night, coughing is more common because the lying position causes:
- The compression of the airways,
- Congestion of mucus due to gravity.
In addition, dry air in a closed, heated room can irritate the throat.
Among the causes are:
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
COPD is a disease that can cause cough with phlegm day and night
This indicates that the infection has become severe and requires medical intervention as soon as possible.
The smoking chronic or those who use tobacco show productive cough signals. This is because of:
- A lung injury,
- Irritation of the esophagus.
The lung and esophagus produce mucus to reduce irritation and expel foreign particles caused by smoking.
Other causes of catarrh cough
- Pneumonia (cough is diurnal and nocturnal),
- Heart failure (cough is mainly nocturnal),
- Acute and chronic sinusitis (daytime and nighttime cough)
- Tuberculosis (cough is constant, day and night),
- Pneumoconiosis (inhalation of irritant or toxic substances),
- Cystic fibrosis (day and night, especially in the advanced stages),
- Pulmonary abscess (with coughing day and night),
- Lung cancer or metastases (night and day),
- Allergic rhinitis or hay fever,
- Gastroesophageal reflux (cough occurs mainly at night and after meals),
- Pertussis, whooping cough or whooping cough (cough is mainly nocturnal),
- Asthma (also occurs in the morning upon waking).
Symptoms that may accompany coughing with catarrh
Phlegm cough is the symptom of a disease.
However, some other symptoms that occur together may be warning signs for a serious illness.
So, take a look at the following symptoms:
- Increased heart rate (eg in the case of emphysema)
- High fever – the causes are many, the most likely is an infection.
- Coughing up blood (eg in the case of tuberculosis, lung abscess or pneumonia)
- Chest pain (may be caused by pneumonia)
- Loss of appetite
- Lack of energy
- Weight loss (eg in the case of influenza, tuberculosis or cancer)
- Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath (eg in the case of pneumonia, emphysema or heart failure)
- Cough with clear mucus or green – mainly occurs by a respiratory allergy or a bacterial infection, for example sinusitis or bronchitis.
- Night sweats – is possible in case of tuberculosis or pneumonia
- Swollen legs – among the causes is heart failure.
Coughing with phlegm after meals is often caused by gastroesophageal reflux.
If it occurs only in the morning, the cause may be the deviated nasal septum .
Differences between phlegm cough and dry cough
|Cough with catarrh||Dry cough
|It is known as productive||It is known as non-productive|
|Mucus or phlegm formation||There is no secretion and no throat irritation|
|No throat irritation||Causes a lot of irritation and itching in the throat|
|It is mainly caused by:1) An allergen or pathogenic substance that enters the respiratory system,
3) Gastroesophageal reflux.
|It is caused especially by:1) Asthma,
2) Gastroesophageal reflux,
3) Medications as ACE inhibitors,
4) Dust and pollen.
|Expectorants soften mucus and allow easier expulsion.||Antitussive drugs help in the elimination and treatment of dry cough.|
Cough with phlegm in children and newborns
Causes of Coughing with Phlegm in Children
There are several reasons why children may suffer from coughing at night or during the day.
Most often, the main cause is a bacterial or viral infection . However, other factors can trigger episodes of coughing.
Phlegm cough may be the consequence of an allergy .
They may cause coughing and other symptoms associated with it:
- Environmental irritants,
- Harmful pathogens,
- Cigarette smoke.
If your child has asthma , you may suffer from asthmatic cough that may occur during the day or at night.
There are two variants of asthma:
- Not allergic.
Asthma causes a cough with catarrh. Other symptoms of this breathing disease are:
- Feeling of oppression in the chest,
This disease is caused by:
- Prolonged exposure to cold or dry air,
- Physical exercise and games.
The common cold is caused by a viral infection. Other symptoms of the disease include:
- Secretion through the stuffy nose or nose,
- Low fever .
Some other diseases that cause productive cough in children and adults are respiratory tract infections such as:
Rapid medical intervention is necessary to prevent these diseases from becoming serious.
Treatment for coughs with phlegm in edicaments
The doctor may prescribe medications; in addition, respiratory physiotherapy may be useful for chronic diseases such as:
- Bronchial asthma,
- Cystic fibrosis,
- COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease),
- Pulmonary emphysema
Expectorant Medications Expectorants
are substances that help to expel mucus from the lungs.
- Ammonium chloride,
The combination of expectorant and decongestant is available in pharmacies.
Some people should be careful about combining products because:
Pseudoephedrine (a decongestant) may cause:
Should not be taken by people with:
Theophylline may interact with certain medicines.
The physician may prescribe beclomethasone (Clenil ®) for the aerosol in case of cough caused by:
- Allergic rhinitis,
- Inflammation of the throat or nasal cavities.
The cortisone is contraindicated in pregnancy.
Mucolytics help to fluidize thick and sticky mucus, thus facilitating their expulsion. Among them are:
Only in cases of bacterial infection, antibiotics may be helpful, but since phlegm cough may depend on other causes, talk to your doctor before taking these medicines.
Natural Remedies to Get Relief
Coughing can be cured at home by using some really effective remedies; the oreover, it is necessary p plow smoking .
Nebulization and fumigations with essential oil Nebulization with essential
oil is an effective remedy to clear the airways and nose.
Adding a few drops of tea tree oil or eucalyptus oil is very helpful.
Steam is a good medicine to reduce mucus and help to expel it.
The pharmacist can advise on vapor inhalation products available for sale in general.
Children can make the aerosol with saline that has no side effects.
Make sure your child drinks plenty of water and other fluids to help drain mucus from the throat and chest.
A hot broth or an apple juice can be given to the child for this purpose.
tea Tea with ginger juice is an ancient and effective remedy for coughing up phlegm in children and adults.
There are two ways to prepare the tea:
1. Buy the bag in the supermarket.
- Boil a cup of water.
- When the water boils, put the bag and wait 5 minutes.
2. Buy 100 / 200g of fresh ginger root in the fruit bowl.
- Boil a cup of water,
- Pour the boiling water into a cup on the table and wait 5 minutes,
- Put the ginger and wait 10 minutes.
Children may not want to drink ginger juice because of the spicy taste; therefore, it is advisable to mix with honey.
Honey is a natural expectorant.
Honey also has antibacterial properties and helps eliminate the microbes responsible for productive cough.
It is advisable to eat a teaspoon of honey 2 times a day to relieve coughing attacks.
It is important to teach children to gargle with a warm saline solution. This will help eliminate bacterial or viral infection of the throat and respiratory tract.
If the child does not feel relief after trying these home remedies or if the cough is persistent, it is necessary to consult a pediatrician.
In herbal medicine the syrup is used with snail-like baba extract.
Snail drool contains enzymes that:
- Fluidify the phlegm,
- They facilitate the elimination of mucus.
It is recommended to take 2 to 4 tablespoons per day.
Homemade Cough Syrup
A natural cough remedy is a syrup made from natural ingredients such as:
Prepare a mixture of:
- Lemon juice, 6/7 squeezed lemons,
- 3 tablespoons of honey.
Preparation method :
- Mix the ingredients,
- Heat (without boiling) for 20-30 minutes. It should become dense,
- Pour into a sterilized glass vial and close,
- Keep in the refrigerator.
Honey coats the throat and has a calming action on the irritated tissue, while lemon juice reduces inflammation and fights infection because it contains vitamin C.
Other home remedies
Honey and Onions
Onions contain irritating compounds that trigger the cough reflex and catarrh.
- Peel and chop 6 medium onions.
- Add half a cup of honey and cook in a water bath.
- Cover and simmer over low heat for 2 hours.
- Strain and pour into a covered jar.
- Take 1 tablespoon every 2-3 hours.
Honey and clove It
is possible to prepare a syrup by mixing
- 5 or 6 cloves,
- A cup of honey.
Leave the mixture in the refrigerator overnight.
In the morning, take out the carnations and take 1 teaspoon or 1 tablespoon of honey.
The of cloves reduce pain in the neck , while the honey is used to treat a sore throat.
Night Cough Remedies
Drinking herbal tea with honey
Drink a cup of chamomile tea before bed.
Any warm liquid can help fluidize the mucus in the airways.
An excellent remedy is chamomile with a little honey.
Sleeping on an inclined plane
When the patient has a cough with catarrh at night, he needs to take advantage of the force of gravity.
All mucus swallowed during the day, back and irritates the throat at night.
It is advisable to:
- Put some pillows under your head when you sleep,
- Putting some pillows under the mattress at the level of the head is the recommended method for those suffering from pain in the neck ,
- Place objects under the foot of the bed to lift it,
- Use a 2/3-zone massage table to keep your shoulders up.
Breathing moist air can treat different types of coughing, even coughing with catarrh. The humidity that produces the humidifier fluidises the mucus in the throat favoring the expectoration and causes a more productive cough.
Whoever does not have a humidifier can hang a wet towel in the bedroom or can create steam with the shower.
How long does the cough with phlegm last? The prognosis
The duration varies according to the pathology that caused this symptom. If it is a viral infection, the duration may be a few days, but in some cases the patient may have a chronic illness, such as asthma or allergy, and then the cough may persist for months or years.