Corticosteroids are steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines that are used to reduce inflammation in the body.
Corticosteroids are used to reduce:

  1. Swelling ,
  2. Redness ,
  3. Itching,
  4. Allergic reactions .

Cortisone tablets

They are often used as part of the treatment of various diseases such as allergies , skin problems, asthma or arthritis .

Corticosteroids are strong medicines.
In addition to the useful effects in the treatment of diseases, cortisone have side effects that can be very serious.

These medications are available only with prescription from a physician.
Although this use is not contained in the indications of the medicine, some corticosteroids are prescribed for patients with the following diseases:

 

This product is available in the following dosage forms:

  • Compressed
  • Delayed Release Tablet
  • Capsule
  • Delayed Release Capsule
  • Syrup
  • Injectable solution
  • Sachet (powder)
  • Liquid

 

Or cortisone paper

Cortisone is a drug with the same functions as cortisol, a hormone that is produced naturally by the adrenal glands (located above the kidneys).
Cortisol:

  1. It plays an important role in controlling the balance of salt and water in the body,
  2. It controls the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins.

When the body is stressed, it sends substances to the adrenal glands to produce this hormone.
The additional cortisol allows the body to deal with stress such as infection , trauma, surgery or emotional problems.

 

How do corticosteroids work?

Corticosteroids work by reducing:

  • The inflammation,
  • The activity of the immune system.

Inflammation is characterized by:

  • Redness,
  • Hot,
  • Swelling,
  • Pain.

Steroids affect the immune system by blocking the production of substances that cause allergic and inflammatory reactions , such as prostaglandins.
Inflammation is a process in which the body’s white blood cells protect against infections and foreign organisms, such as viruses and bacteria.
However, in some diseases, the body’s defense system (the immune system) is not working properly .
In this case the inflammation works against the tissues of the body and causes damage.

Cortisone can cause leukocytosis, that is, an increase in the number of leukocytes.
C
 omparado drugs with nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (FANS), corticosteroids are the most powerful, but have more side effects .
The action times is fast for both types of anti-inflammatories.
There are also other natural alternatives to cortisone, for example ribes nigrum (Blackcurrant) that acts on the adrenal cortex like cortisone.

 

How are steroids given?

Steroid medicines are available in different forms, which vary:

  • At release time,
  • In the period of stay in the body.

Steroids can be given:

  • Locally in the area where the shaped inflammation is present  for topical use of ointment or cream, for example for atopic dermatitis.
  • Of systemically , which means throughout the “system” or body.

Examples of local steroid treatments include joint injections, eye drops, ear drops, and skin creams.
Systemic treatments with steroids include:

  • Oral medication (administered by mouth)
  • Medications that are injected directly into the vein (intravenous) or muscles (intramuscular).

Systemic steroids circulate through the bloodstream to different areas of the body.

 

How to use

Take this medicine with meals or immediately after a meal to prevent inflammation of the stomach.
If you are taking this medicine once a day, it should be taken from morning until nine.

If you are taking this medicine for a long time, you can not stop suddenly without your doctor’s approval.
The dose should be reduced gradually.

 

Some examples of cortisone in comparison

Dexamethasone
A dexamethasone ( Clotrimazole Dexamethasone)  is used to treat:

  • Arthritis,
  • Asthma,
  • Serious allergies,
  • Inflammatory bowel diseases,
  • Skin disorders.

Eye drops with this active ingredient are used for allergic conjunctivitis .
According to the National Institutes of Health, it can be used even when the adrenal glands do not function properly.

Hydrocortisone
Hydrocortisone is available as:

  1. Spray,
  2. Liquid,
  3. Lotion,
  4. Gel,
  5. Creme,
  6. Oil.

It should be applied on the skin.

Suppositories, enemas, ointments and creams are available for use in case of anal itch treatment.
This medicine may relieve rashes and itching.
The possible side effects of hydrocortisone are:

There is no evidence of harm to the child when taking hydrocortisone during pregnancy, but it is recommended to take only under the supervision of a physician.

Betamethasone
Betamethasone comes from hydrocortisone, it is used to treat:

  • Inflammatory dermatoses,
  • Asthma,
  • Sore throat,
  • Chronic inflammatory autoimmune diseases such as Crohn’s disease,
  • Alzheimer,
  • Rheumatoid arthritis,
  • Psoriasis arthritis,
  • Allergies,
  • Together with the antibiotic can treat otitis.

Psoriasis in the foot

Methylprednisolone (Medrol ®) is used to treat inflammation caused by diseases such as:

  1. Arthritis,
  2. Ulcerative colitis,
  3. Lupus,
  4. Respiratory disorders,
  5. Psoriasis,
  6. Allergies

Prednisolone 
Prednisolone is used to treat:

  • Endocrine diseases,
  • Collagen diseases,
  • Diseases of the skin,
  • Allergies,
  • Respiratory disorders,
  • Diseases of the blood,
  • Inflammatory bowel diseases,
  • Diseases of the eye.

According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, insomnia, increased appetite, nervousness and indigestion occur in more than 10 percent of patients in clinical studies.

Prednisone
Prednisone is used to treat inflammation caused by:

  • Asthma,
  • Ulcerative colitis,
  • Arthritis,
  • Psoriasis,
  • Lupus,
  • Diseases of the skin,
  • Allergies

The Johns Hopkins University indicates that this drug can have several side effects.
The possible side effects of prednisone are:

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