If the person has a constant sensation of being underwater or if water has entered the ears, it is very likely that he will suffer from a blocked or clogged ear. 
The most appropriate specialist to treat this symptom is the otorhinolaryngologist.


Causes of blocked ear

There are many causes of clogged ear and these can be mild or severe:

Tubarous catarrh : this is an accumulation of catarrh in the Eustachian tube. 
Because of this congestion it is possible to develop  inflammation and a bacterial infection . 
Symptoms also include:

Treatment involves:

  1. The anti-inflammatory non-steroidal drugs ,
  2. Steroids orally (Benteler) or by aerosol.


Diving : Increasing the pressure that occurs during a dive can cause clogged ears.

Ear infection (otitis media) : It is likely that one of the causes may be ear earinfection that usually appears as a consequence of a cold or other respiratory infection. 
This is the case where the middle ear is blocked due to the accumulation of mucus. 
Among other symptoms, there is ear pain .

Otitis externa  (also known as swimmer’s ear ) occurs especially when water enters the ear canal and promotes the development of an infection .

High Noises : When you suddenly hear a loud noise or you are exposed to loud noises over a long period of time, one of the effects is the closed ear. 
This situation could also cause temporary hearing loss . 
When you go to sleep after a night at a disco or at a concert, the ear is covered at night and you hear a buzz for a few hours, but the next morning, this symptom has disappeared.

Bone growth in the ears : a common disease in swimmers, abnormal growth of an external ear protrusion ( otosclerosis ) can cause plugged ears, followed by a gradual loss of hearing ability.

Meniere syndrome : Meniere syndrome is a disease characterized by the sensation of having:

  1. Covered ears,
  2. Vertigo ,
  3. Nausea  and vomiting ,
  4. Sounds muffled,
  5. Progressive hearing loss.

Spines : A spine in the ear can cause the ear to stop.

Cancer : The cancer of the pharynx can cause the ear to feel clogged.

Pregnancy : Pregnant women often feel ear muffled in the morning, the cause may be:

  1. The variation of blood pressure,
  2. Hormonal changes that cause swelling of the nasal mucosa or nasal turbinates.

Foreign Body : Some remains of objects or insects may remain trapped in the outer ear canal causing the ear to feel clogged.

Bruxism : When a person grinds his teeth at night, he contracts the jaw muscles in the head and neck. 
Excessive activity of the skull muscles can cause a contracture that causes a malfunction of the Eustachian tube. 
This canal connects the middle ear to the pharynx and the outside of the body. 
If the Eustachian tube does not function properly, the pressure in the middle ear is not in balance with the external environment. 
The consequence can be the clogged ear.


Clogged ear when riding an airplane

Pressure and altitude changes – barotrauma : when traveling by plane, or when we are at higher altitudes, such as in the mountains, covered ears occur because the ear can not adapt to the pressure drop in the external environment.

Relieving barotrauma
During a plane flight or during water diving activities and other similar activities, changes in atmospheric pressure cause a pressure difference between the inner and outer sides of the tympanic membrane. 
A rapid variation of pressure can cause perforation of the eardrum membrane , this lesion is called barotrauma and causes:

  • A sense of covered ears,
  • Earache ,
  • Dizziness.

To get relief from this clogging sensation, you can:

  • Yawn often and swallow  to help open the Eustachian tube, and consequently allow the passage of airflow into and out of the middle ear. This equals pressure inside and outside the ear.
  • Chew gum or suck bullets to increase the muscle movements that help balance the pressure.
  • Close the mouth and nostrils and exhale with energy . This forces the opening of the block that can be identified by the popping sound. Do not overdo the energy used.


Ear clogged with wax

Wax buildup : Often one of the causes of plugged ear is simply a wax cap inside the ear. It is likely to hear muffled sounds and unclear voices. 
build-up of earwax may also cause mild ear ache. 
The sensation of covered ears can last for many months or years, but when the cover is removed, the hearing returns to normal immediately.

Water in the ears
When water seeps into the ear due to swimming or after a shower, you may notice the feeling of plugged ears because the wax in the ear canal absorbs the fluid and increases the volume.

There are many remedies to remove wax from the ears, but if they are not enough, it is best to go to the otolaryngologist to avoid injury in:

  • Eardrum,
  • Auditory channel

Some people produce excess wax and phlegm, according to blood type diet theory , the cause is the rich diet of:

  • Milk,
  • Cheese,
  • Yogurt,
  • Dairy products

It is advisable to avoid these foods to prevent the formation of wax and release the ear. 
Many women do not want to exclude dairy from food because they think these foods are needed to prevent osteoporosis because they contain too much calcium. 
To increase calcium intake, there are several plant foods:

  • Cabbage,
  • Broccoli,
  • Spinach,
  • Seeds (linseed, chia),
  • Almonds,
  • Legumes.


Clogged ear symptoms

A muffled ear sensation is the most obvious symptom. 
Some people have the sensation of a liquid in their ears. 
Symptoms also include mild to severe pain in the ear .

Some people say they feel:

  • The heartbeat in the ear,
  • The voice that resonates.

In case of infection, the patient may also have swollen lymph nodes in the neck .


When to worry about clogged ears? 
Generally, the causes of clogged ears are not dangerous diseases, but you should go to the doctor in case:

In that case, the cause could be an inflammation or an infection that can become chronic and can damage the inner structures of the ear.

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