Chemical Peeling: how does the treatment work?

The search for options that make the skin healthier and more uniform has become increasingly common among people.

In this sense, peels are one of the most sought after treatments when it comes to a smooth dermis, without expression spots and wrinkles.

This treatment stimulates cell renewal through a peeling caused by chemical or physical substances. The procedure is highly effective for the treatment of acne scars , wrinkles, expression lines and skin blemishes.

What is chemical peel?

Chemical peeling is nothing more than an acid-based procedure that is applied to the skin. It stimulates the peeling of the skin layer, which can vary from mild to intense, and the goal is to encourage cell renewal.

This treatment provides an exfoliation in the dermis, through chemical agents, which eliminate the superficial layers of the skin, causing the regeneration to be accompanied by an improved appearance and texture.

In addition, chemical peels can be superficial, medium and deep. The first type can be done with several sessions and the peeling is small.

The medium and deep peels are performed in a single application and the peeling is intense, and can even create crusts on the skin.

Therefore, before doing the procedure, it is important to know what your skin type is and your need for the dermatologist to assess which is the best peel for you.

Types of chemical peel: which is the best?

Peels can be light, moderate and intense, and each one has specific care and guidelines.

The superficial acts on the outermost layer of the skin, known as the epidermis. It performs a gentle exfoliation and can be done in less time.

This type of smoother procedure is indicated for more sensitive skin. It is indicated to attenuate wrinkles and lines of light expressions, superficial spots, light photoaging and also acne.

However, the medium peel reaches the papillary dermis, that is, it removes the epidermis partially or totally, causing the peeling of this layer.

Moderate treatment should be done in a single application and is indicated for skins with greater photoaging, since it improves the appearance of wrinkles, scars and superficial keloids and, also, cases of hyperpigmentation.

Finally, the deep peel completely removes the epidermis until it reaches the reticular layer. This procedure should be done with great caution and by qualified professionals, as complications can occur.

This last protocol causes the skin to severely peel, and may even create crusts more than dead tissue. Deep peeling is indicated in cases of deep scars from acne, as well as severe aging of the skin.

What acids are used?

Peels can be done with different types of acids, depending on the depth and the result for the skin. Know the main ones:

  • Salicylic Acid: this type of acid is used in surface peels. It promotes exfoliation of the skin, making the superficial layer thin, facilitating cell renewal;
  • Glycolic Acid: ideal for superficial peels, prevents the photoaging of the dermis, reducing fine lines and wrinkles;
  • Retinoic Acid: it is responsible for cell renewal and production of new fibers, it is related to collagen synthesis, acting against sagging, aging and skin marks;
  • Mandelic Acid: increases cell renewal, promotes light cell renewal and is indicated for sensitive skin that wants anti-aging action.

It is important to mention that there is no better or worse peel, which does matter what type of procedure will suit your skin type.

In order to evaluate and proceed with a healthy and less damaging skin protocol, it is essential to undergo a medical evaluation.

What are the benefits of chemical peels?

One of the main benefits of chemical peeling is the removal of the dermis for facial rejuvenation.

It also significantly reduces expression lines, wrinkles, blemishes, scars and even hyperpigmentation.

The result is always a skin with greater firmness and a smooth, healthy and rich texture. It also significantly reduces oiliness and prevents the appearance of pimples and blackheads .

In addition, from the first session it is possible to have visible results, which is why it is highly rated in the world of beauty.

How is done? How many days does the chemical peel peel off?

Chemical peeling should only be performed by trained professionals, such as in dermatology or aesthetics clinics.

Depending on the type of peeling, it is a different application, being generally the most common as a facial mask .

In this type, the acid is applied to the face and, in some cases, it remains in the dermis for a certain time or is removed shortly after the procedure.

As the effects and peeling depend on the type of peeling done, it is difficult to accurately speak about the peeling time.

However, in two days the beginning of this process on the skin is already visible, remembering that the peeling and redness can last for up to 15 days.

Who can do it?

Whoever will assess the condition of the skin and the indication of the correct procedure is always the dermatologist.

However, those who can perform the peeling are people who want to fight photoaging, decrease expression lines and wrinkles, as well as those who need to reduce and eliminate blemishes.

In addition, it can be done in other regions of the body and not just on the face, so anyone who wants to reduce stretch marks and keratosis pilaris, which are small rough lesions and with different coloring, very common in the arms and in the thigh region can also perform the procedure after a dermatological indication.

Who can not do?

As it is a procedure that uses acids in the skin, it is always recommended to consult a dermatologist.

In general, this procedure is contraindicated for pregnant and lactating women, people who are treated for acne with Roacutan, open acne with pustules, active herpes and also people with sensitive skin and difficulty in healing.

What care before and after?

Before performing the peeling it is necessary to undergo a medical evaluation and evaluate which is the right protocol for your face.

In addition, it is necessary to intensify skincare so that the dermis does not suffer from the aggressions generated by acids.

It is essential to use sunscreen daily, even when you are not exposed to the sun, in addition, it is ideal to moisturize the dermis very well so as not to feel the peeling so much.

It is also nice to add acids to the night routine, so the skin is prepared and prevents a very severe peeling.

The ideal is to have a follow-up with the dermatologist who will adapt a new skin care routine after the peeling to avoid discomfort.

Price: How much does a session cost?

Peels vary widely in price, depending on your region and the clinic that will be done.

This procedure is not freely sold in establishments or pharmacies and should only be applied by a competent professional.

However, prices vary from R $ 100 to R $ 500 reais for superficial peels and up to R $ 2,500 in cases of deep procedures and skin type.

It is always worthwhile to consult a trusted doctor and find the procedure and the amount that best fits in your pocket.


Chemical peels can be a great option to improve the appearance of the skin and prevent premature aging.

Have you ever had any type of peeling and had positive results on the dermis? Tell us here in the comments and keep following the Healthy Minute to stay on top of beauty and review content!

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