Eye drops for cataracts: what are the options and other treatments

There are many problems that can affect our vision, from the simplest (such as minor allergies or irritations) to serious problems. These include the cataract .

This disease, in general, does not cause discomfort such as pain and irritation. However, it directly affects vision, leaving it blurry and can lead to blindness if not treated properly.

Check out more information about this problem and how the treatment works (from eye drops or surgical intervention):

What is human cataract?

A cataract is an eye injury that reaches the lens of the eye, a structure that allows the passage of light to reach the retina and form the image. So, the problem is characterized by the fact that the cataract makes the lens opaque and impairs vision.

In general, this problem tends to evolve slowly and can affect only one eye or both – it can manifest at the same time in both eyes, or not.

The main symptom is the difficulty of seeing clearly, as if using a blurred lens or there was a small mist in the eyes. However, if the problem is not treated, the vision becomes more and more compromised and can even lead to blindness .

In addition, the absence of necessary care can cause damage and even compromise daily activities, such as reading or driving.

As for the cause of this disease, it is mainly linked to aging. In some rare cases, it can be congenital (from birth or develop in the first 6 months of life).

The diabetes , indiscriminate use of eye drops, eye inflammation and trauma (beats punches, etc.) may also promote the development of this problem.

Therefore, cataracts can be classified as: congenital, early onset, acquired (in this case, the age factor is included) or late onset.

Still, according to its location, it can be nuclear, cortical or subcapsular. Finally, its degree of opacity is also decisive for the classification, and may be incipient, mature or hyper-mature.

How is the diagnosis of cataracts made?

The diagnosis of cataracts does not require clinical exams, a thorough analysis by the ophthalmologist is enough.

In general, it is not difficult to notice the lesion in the lens. Because the pupil turns white, considering that the ocular lens was transparent and was whitened by the cataract.

Thus, it is a disease that brings an easily perceptible symptom (more and more, as it progresses). In fact, it is not difficult that even the patient himself is able to perceive this change.

Cataract Treatment

The treatment for cataracts will depend on each case. In general, the use of specific eye drops may initially be indicated to help treat this condition.

However, the only really effective treatment is surgical intervention. Currently, it is not necessary for the patient to wait until the case becomes serious to be able to undergo surgery. That is, even at the beginning of the problem, this indication is already possible.

Better understand how this surgical procedure is performed:

Surgery (facectomy)

Cataract surgery, called a facectomy, is a very fast and low-risk procedure, lasts approximately 15 minutes and is performed under local anesthesia (that is, only in the ocular region).

It consists of removing the lens so that it is possible to replace it with an artificial intraocular lens. In this way, the new lens starts to function as the original structure and allows the patient to see again in a short time.

In general, most patients have a full recovery in a maximum of 45 days.

It is worth mentioning that there are two methods for performing this surgery: phacoemulsification and programmed extracapsular.

The first is usually the most accomplished. A cannula (small tube) is used, which is inserted into the eyeball through a small cut (about 3.5mm). Then, it dilutes the lens and aspirates it. Then, return to the eyeball to insert the new lens.

In the case of the second procedure, what changes is that the cut is not made with a scalpel, but with the laser – allowing more precision in the procedure.

Which eye drops are good for cataracts?

In some cases, the ophthalmologist may recommend the use of a specific eye drop for the treatment of cataracts. However, this option is only intended to slow the progression of the disease, considering that it is only possible to completely eliminate the problem through facectomy surgery.

Following medical guidelines is essential and you should never use eye drops on your own – which could make the problem worse.

In the sequence, here are some of the options that can be prescribed by the doctor:

Almeida Prado

The eye drops Cinerária Marítima Almeida Prado is a homeopathic remedy – a class of medicines made from extracts from the vegetable, animal and mineral kingdoms.

The package insert describes it as an auxiliary treatment to other necessary care in case of cataracts. So that helps with the opacity of the lens.

It is worth mentioning that despite its natural formulation and the package insert indicating that there are no recorded side effects, one should always count on professional assistance. Therefore, first consult a doctor to analyze if this is the best option for your treatment.

Clarvisol

According to the directions on the package insert, Clarvisol eye drops are indicated to prevent cataract progression. It can also be prescribed in the postoperative period of extracapsular surgeries – a condition in which there are still residues of the lens after the surgical procedure.

In addition, this medication can be recommended by the doctor for the treatment of cataracts caused by trauma.

This eyedrop has the active substance of the drug substance Pyrenoxin . Thus, its action occurs from the formation of soluble complexes with the proteins of the lens, preventing the progression of the disease.

Like all medication, this eye drop can have some side effects. For this reason, the need for medical monitoring for its correct and safe use is reinforced.

Post-surgical eye drops: what is the best option?

After any surgical procedure, some care is necessary. In the case of cataract surgery, it is no different, although it is a procedure that does not usually cause complications in the postoperative period.

Among the precautions that are recommended by the doctor, the use of eye drops suitable for use after cataract surgery may be prescribed. The indication may be for pain relief and inflammation resulting from the procedure.

Bearing in mind that these medications should only be used after the prescription of a professional, in order to ensure safe use and avoid complications. Check out some more of the options that can be indicated:

Optilar

Optilar eye drops (0.5%) are indicated to treat or prevent inflammation in patients who have undergone eye surgery – such as cataract extraction.

In addition, this eye drop can also be prescribed to treat allergic conjunctivitis , eye pain and other discomforts that can affect the region.

According to the information in the package insert, it has anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic action. It also points out that right after application, it already begins to have an effect on the body.

Softalm

Like Optilar, Softalm eye drops are also indicated to treat or prevent inflammatory processes in patients who have undergone cataract surgery (or other eye surgical procedures).

This medication aims to relieve the pain and discomfort that may arise after surgery on the eye.

Regarding its duration of action, the package insert indicates that the eye drops should start to take effect soon after application.

Acular CMC

Unlike the other two eye drops mentioned, the Acular CMC is indicated only for the treatment of eye pain and inflammation – exclusively in cases of cataract surgery.

This medication has an anti-inflammatory action, relying on the active substance ketorolac trometamol. Thus, when applied, it can combat pain and the inflammatory process resulting from the surgical procedure.

Like the other options, Acular CMC starts to take effect right after application.

Does homeopathy for cataracts work?

As mentioned in a previous topic, there are options for homeopathic eye drops for the treatment of cataracts – such as Almeida Prado.

However, the medication leaflet itself indicates that it is an auxiliary care. That is, by itself this treatment does not work, it can only help to prevent the progression of the disease when in conjunction with other therapies.

In addition, it is worth noting that no eye drops (homeopathic or not) are able to cure cataracts. These options only help to prevent the disease from advancing.

Thus, the only treatment that really can cure cataracts is surgery.

Where to buy cataract eye drops? How much?

You can buy cataract eye drops at any pharmacy and even some eye clinics. In the case of homeopathic medications, they can also be found in clinics specialized in this type of treatment.

If you want more convenience, you can also find these medications on online platforms , such as Consulta Remédios – which allows you to compare the price of the product in different stores in your region, ensuring that you buy at the best value.

Remembering that, regardless of the place of purchase, you must follow the medical recommendations regarding the medication and its form of use.

Regarding the price *, check out some options (for treatment and post-surgery):

  • Colírio Almeida Prado (homeopathic treatment) – the package is 10mL in size and the value is around R $ 40;
  • Clarvisol eye drops (treatment) – the 15mL package is around R $ 30;
  • CMC Acular Eye Drops (post-surgical) – the package contains 15mL (30 small 0.4mL vials) and costs between R $ 110 and R $ 150;
  • Softalm (post-surgical) – the package of 5mL varies between R $ 30 and R $ 55;
  • Optilar (post-surgical) – the package of 5mL is around R $ 40.

Taking care of health is fundamental. However, many people forget some points, such as eye health.

But don’t forget to take care of this very important part of our body. Be aware of possible symptoms of illness or changes in vision, if you notice anything different, seek medical help and do not take care of yourself.

Keep following the Healthy Minute for more health information!

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