There may be many reasons for the burning sensation from kidney infections to sexually transmitted diseases .

  • The woman may feel the burning sensation in the vagina and urethra to the bladder,
  • The man feels this symptom especially in the glans due to sexually transmitted diseases, rarely has a urinary infection.


Causes of burning during urination

It can be caused by the following diseases:

Urinary Tract Infection
In women, one of the most common causes of burning sensation is urinary tract infection.

The reason why urinary infections are more common in women than in men is that:

  • Men have a longer urethra,
  • The prostate secretes natural antibacterial substances that help fight infections.

Therefore, it is very rare for a man to have a urinary tract infection unless the immune system is compromised.

The burning sensation is stronger in the morning, after sleeping for many hours without urinating, because the urine is more concentrated.

The doctor prescribes urine culture to understand the type of bacteria that causes the infection and the number of microorganisms present; if it is negative, the cause of the burning is different.
In case of infection, urine tests also show an increase in leukocytes.

Also  the children and babies may have a urinary tract infection, especially girls because of the body’s anatomy.
The frequent urge to urinate aggravates the problem in the elderly.

Irritated Urethra
The urethra is a tube in the body that performs the function of transporting the liquid waste from the bladder out of the body through:

  • The glans in men,
  • An opening of the vulva in women.

The irritation or inflammation of the urethra is known as urethritis.
If it becomes chronic, it can cause a urethral syndrome.
Often patients who undergo a urethral examination experience pain when urinating for a few days and also during ejaculation .

Urethritis Urethritis
is caused by certain bacteria and viruses that are also responsible for urinary tract infections and sexually transmitted diseases. Some bacteria and viruses that can cause urethritis are:

  • Escherichia coli
  • Adenovirus
  • Citomegalovírus
  • Vírus da herpes simplex.

It can be caused by some sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia and gonorrhea .
Other causes are urethral damage or hypersensitivity to chemicals present:

  • In contraceptive creams,
  • We spermicides.

Sexually transmitted diseases
Another common cause is sexually transmitted diseases.
There are many sexually transmitted diseases that can cause a burning sensation during urination, such as:

Although there are many other symptoms of these diseases, the burning sensation is the most frequently observed symptom.

Kidney Disorders Kidney
diseases can sometimes cause a burning sensation.
This is because kidney infections can go down easily:

  • For the urinary bladder ,
  • To the urethra.

Thus, the microorganisms pass into the urine and cause a burning sensation when urinating.
Sometimes kidney stones can also cause pain when urinating because the stone is very large or becomes infected and there may be pain during urination.

Genital Herpes
This viral infection that affects the sex organs is usually marked by intense pain during:

  • Sexual intercourse,
  • Urination.

The patient may also notice small pruriginous lumps in the genital area.
Having sex with an infected partner is the most common reason for the spread of genital herpes.

Kidney stones
Pain during and after urination, accompanied by pain on one side of the abdomen and in the groin , may indicate the presence of kidney stones that are attached to the kidneys or ureters.
Ureters are tubular structures that allow urine to pass from the kidneys to the bladder.

The color of the urine may appear reddish-brown ( blood in the urine ) and above all the patient has a frequent urge to urinate.
Thus, even if urine production is significantly lower, the unusual urge to urinate continues to disrupt the patient.

Bladder problems
The formation of bladder cancer  can cause pain when urinating.
If there is no bladder tumor then it may be a stone stuck in the bladder.

This disorder may be asymptomatic or cause:

  • Pain during urination,
  • Problems urinating due to the mechanical obstacle in the bladder.


Other Causes of Intense Burning During and Following Urination

Factors that may increase the chances of developing a urinary tract infection are:

In addition to pain when urinating, the other symptoms of a urinary tract infection include:

  • Fever
  •  Strong or unpleasant urine odor
  • Cloudy or bloody urine
  • Increased frequency or urge to urinate

Sometimes pain while urinating may also be related to a vaginal infection, such as a yeast infection .
With vaginal infections the person can also expect some changes in secretions and vaginal odor.


Burning while urinating on men

In addition to the common causes for men and women, there are some specific organs in men that can cause burning when urinating.

Prostate Cancer
In most cases the cancer in this nutty gland spreads slowly, so you can not identify the symptoms early.
However, when the cancer spreads to nearby organs and tissues, the person feels pain after urinating, sometimes accompanied by blood in the urine.


Burning while urinating on woman

The woman may have vaginal or vulvar problems that cause burning on urination.

Pain or burning when you urinate after a bicycle workout
Many people feel pain when they urinate only after riding a bicycle; the pain can be caused:

  • By rubbing the saddle with the vagina,
  • By the traumas caused by an asphalt of the road not flat.

Usually only occurs the first time the woman goes to the bathroom after training.

The fact that women complain of a burning sensation after urination indicates vaginitis, an inflammation of the vagina.
The vaginitis may be the result of a bacterial or fungal infection.
In women, vaginitis not only causes pain after urination, but can also cause discomfort during intercourse.
The itching in the vagina is another symptom of vaginitis which can cause irritation.
The stress may predispose women to the infection.


Burning while urinating during pregnancy and postpartum

The most common cause of burning while urinating during pregnancy is a urinary tract infection, particularly of the bladder ( cystitis ).

According to the American Pregnancy Association , pregnant women have a  higher risk of urinary tract infections from Friday to the twenty-fourth week.

The cause is the anatomical alteration of the urinary tract :

  • The uterus enlarged by the presence of the fetus can compress the ureters (tubes that connect the kidneys and bladder) and obstruct the flow.
  • An increase in the level of progesterone hormone reduces the tone of the muscles of the ureters. They dilate and the urine flow is reduced.
  • The bladder loses muscle tone during pregnancy and the consequence is a greater difficulty in emptying completely; in addition, urine reflux to the kidneys is more likely.


Postpartum Burn
After delivery, the lacerations that are present in the vagina burn when the woman goes to the bathroom to urinate.
It is recommended to drink a lot and urinate frequently . Many women are afraid that the stitches will fall, but they are very sturdy and therefore should not worry.
To reduce the burning sensation, it is possible to pour hot water into the vagina during urination.
In the case of caesarean section there are no lacerations in the vagina, but the patient maintains the catheter in the first few days after surgery.
During catheter removal, it is easy to feel pain during and after urination in the first week, but symptoms gradually decrease.


Burning after intercourse

cystitis Interstitial cystitis is a chronic bladder disorder characterized by:

  • Pain and burning in the area below the navel,
  • Pressure in the bladder and pain that worsens when the bladder fills,
  • For women, pain during intercourse,
  • Pain in the lower abdomen and lower back ,
  • Need to urinate often,
  • For women, pain in the vulva or vagina ,
  • For men, pain in the scrotum, testicles and penis ,
  • For men, pain during orgasm or after intercourse.

In men, pain following intercourse can also occur as a consequence of prostatitis(swelling of the prostate).
The prostate is a gland that surrounds the cervix.
Basically, the urethra is a tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body.
The inflammation of the prostate can cause a compression of the urethra, causing an interference with the free flow of urine.

The affected person has the following symptoms:

  • Burning or pain during urination
  • Pain during ejaculation
  • Difficulty urinating (starting and stopping)
  • Need to urinate often at night
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Decreased urine flow
  • Blood in the urine (hematuria)

Partial obstruction of the urethra can cause pain after intercourse.
Patients suffering from prostatitis should refrain from:

  • Alcohol
  • Caffeinated beverages
  • Smoke
  • Spicy foods


Symptoms that occur along with burning when urinating

The symptoms of urethritis are different in males and females, although it is observed in both an irritated urethra.
In men, symptoms include:

In women and girls, the symptoms are:


Pain after urination

You should not underestimate the difficulties in urination or pain when the patient finishes urinating because they are often related to problems of the urinary system of the body.
The pain may last for a minute or two after urination.
The pain may be mild or excruciating.


Reasons for discomfort after urination

Urinary Tract Infection
This is one of the most frequent reasons why men and women suffer from pain after urinating.
The urinary system is basically composed of the following organs:

  • Bladder
  • Kidneys
  • Ureteres
  • Urretra.

These are the organs with the urine expulsion function.
So when a person says he suffers from a urinary tract infection, it means that one of those organs has been affected.
If the bacteria invade the bladder after urination, the person will suffer from pain in the bladder.

Retention of urine
An individual should go to the bathroom when they feel like urinating.
The habit of not going to the bathroom when the bladder is full may cause mild pain after urination.
This can have a negative impact on the bladder muscles and can cause a burning sensation after urination.

Treatment for burning after urination
Treating the underlying cause is the key to reducing pain after urination.
For vaginitis medications or over-the-counter creams are used, such as Metronidazole or Canesten , depending on the type of infection.
On the other hand, analgesics and alpha blockers are used to ameliorate the symptoms of prostatitis.


Diagnosis of burning when urinating

After a physical examination and the patient’s medical history, the doctor may order laboratory tests to diagnose the cause of the symptoms of dysuria.
Then the patient can start specific therapies.
To help determine the cause, the doctor may ask if painful urination:

  • Occurred suddenly or gradually
  • Occurred once or more times
  • Occurs at the beginning of urination

The doctor may also ask if painful urination is accompanied by symptoms such as:

The doctor may also want to know if painful urination is accompanied by changes in the urine flow, such as:

  • Drip
  • Difficulty starting
  • Increased frequency or need to urinate

Treatment for burning on urination and after urination

The treatment depends on the trigger factor. Antibiotics
often help fight urinary tract infections and yeast infections.

Sometimes, if the main cause of the burning sensation is a kidney stone , a healthy, natural diet can be helpful.

For sexually transmitted diseases , it is best to consult a doctor who prescribes probably a topical medication and an oral medication to help fight the disease.

As already mentioned, burning during urination (especially in men) should not be ignored as it may indicate a serious disease, such as prostate cancer .
If this discomfort persists, it is best to consult a physician for the diagnosis and treatment of this disease.


Natural remedies to relieve burning when urinating

There are some variations that can be done in lifestyle to exclude episodes of pain when urinating.
Some simple changes are:

  • Avoid perfumed detergents and personal hygiene products to reduce the risk of irritation.
  • Use condoms during sexual activity to prevent sexually transmitted infections.
  • Change the diet to eliminate foods and drinks that irritate the bladder.

Some foods are more likely to irritate the bladder than others.
Some irritants that should be avoided are:

  • Alcohol
  • Caffeine
  • Spicy foods
  • Juices and citrus fruits
  • Products with tomato
  • Artificial sweeteners

When the patient suffers from pain while urinating, you should also avoid too acidic foods to help bladder healing.

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