The burning in the eyes is described as a burning sensation and irritation that can be accompanied by itching and tearing .
The eye is prone to allergies and irritations because it is a moist surface, constantly in contact with air and polluting substances.
Causes of burning eyes
Blazing eyes can be caused by environmental factors, including:
- On dry
- Direct sunlight
- Air conditioning
- Animal hair
- Pollen, especially when there is wind
- Atmospheric pollution
- Tobacco or cigarette smoke
- Industrial powder or other powder.
Blazing eyes can also be caused by:
- Prolonged use of contact lenses
- Look at the monitor from a PC or tablet
- Lack of sleep , especially in the summer because there are more hours of light and often the person goes to bed later
- Excessive crying
- Reading for long periods
- Exposure to bright artificial light or glare
- Efforts to look in the dark with a very dim light.
Eye irritating chemicals
may be caused by the accumulation of chemicals, including:
- Solvents for household cleaning;
- Makeup: it is always necessary to take it off before going to sleep;
- Moisturizing creams;
- Irritant substances contained in onion;
- Sea water when one swims for a long time;
- Pepper, when the person touches the eyes with the fingers dirty of pepper: it is necessary to wash them with milk to neutralize the ardencia;
- Pool chlorine.
Diseases that cause burning eyes
Burning eyes can be caused by infections and inflammatory processes, including:
- Herpes ocular,
- Viral conjunctivitis ( inflammation of the surface of the eye),
- Bacterial conjunctivitis,
- Blepharitis ,
- Granulomatose de Wegner,
- Rosacea ( benign chronic dermatitis ),
- Dry eye syndrome ,
- Sjögren Syndrome ,
- Uveíte e irite,
- Orbital cellulitis,
- Upper respiratory tract infections, such as the common cold or the flu .
There are eye and eyelid defects that cause burning of the eyes, including:
Factors that trigger allergic reactions in the eyes
Allergens may be present indoors or outdoors and are substances that can cause an allergic reaction in the eyes.
The most common allergens present in the outdoors come from grass, trees and pollen .
People who are sensitive to these allergens suffer from seasonal allergic conjunctivitis , the most common type of allergy to the eyes.
Warning: the cereals we eat are part of the grass family.
When they eat cereals (rice, wheat, oats, rye, corn, barley, etc.), allergic people may have a reaction.
Pet hair, mites and fungi are the most common allergens indoors.
These substances found inside buildings can trigger the symptoms throughout the year, causing a perennial allergic conjunctivitis.
Diesel exhaust fumes, cigarette smoke and perfumes can ignite the eyes.
These substances act as irritants that cause non-allergic symptoms or may worsen the allergic response.
Causes of Allergies in the Eyes
Like hay fever and rashes , eye allergies develop when the immune system becomes hypersensitive and has an overreaction against something that is harmless.
An allergic reaction can occur when an allergen comes in contact with the eyes.
The allergen causes the release of histamine and other substances or chemicals into the eyes by white blood cells called mast cells.
The consequence is that the blood vessels in the eyes swell and the eyes turn red, causing itching and excessive tearing .
Can allergies in the eye damage vision?
Allergies in the eyes, in particular allergic conjunctivitis , can be extremely irritating and can interfere with daily activities, but usually do not cause damage to the eyes.
Applying eye drops, creams and cosmetics can cause allergic reactions in the eyes.
Severe causes of burning in the eyes
In some cases, burning in the eyes may be the symptom of a serious or dangerous illness that should be evaluated immediately on the first aid.
1. Periorbital cellulitis ( infection of the eyelids or other soft tissues around the eyes),
2. Uveitis and iritis ( inflammation of the structures of the eye).
What are the potential complications of burning eyes?
When a person often suffers from burning eyes, this may indicate an allergy to the eyes or an eye infection. Once a diagnosis of the underlying cause is reached, it is important to follow the treatment plan that the doctor recommends to reduce the possible complications of an infection.
Treatment for burning eyes
As mentioned earlier, getting out of environments or situations that cause the burning sensation can provide great relief.
Applying cold compresses to the eyes can relieve the burning and itching.
Artificial tears used 4-6 times a day can relieve the symptoms.
Over-the-counter eye drops in pharmacy that do not contain artificial tears can make the symptoms worse, so it is important to be careful when buying over-the-counter drops.
The doctor recipe antihistamines (tablets, eye drops, ointments) that may provide benefits in treating the disease.
If thick, greenish-colored tears are noticed, you will need to see the doctor immediately.
Natural Remedies for Eye Pain
Most cases of burning and itchy eyes are the consequence of irritants and environmental factors.
Home remedies can be very effective at relieving symptoms:
- Use a humidifier in your home or at work if you suspect the air is too dry.
Try to open the window to circulate fresh air in the room.
- Avoid cigarette smoke because it irritates the eyes. If smoking, use this motive as an incentive to get rid of the addiction.
Secondhand smoke can be very irritating to the eyes.
Those who live with a smoker should invite the other person to just smoke outdoors.
- If you wear contact lenses , remove them when you get home and put on your glasses.
This can help prevent dry eyes. Also, be sure to keep your contact lenses properly.
- When using the hair dryer , you may inadvertently dry your eyes.
To avoid this problem, use eye drops before drying your hair.
- Limit alcohol consumption . The alcohol can leave dry eyes.
Drink in moderation to keep eyes moist and avoid irritation.
- If the symptoms are severe upon waking , try using eye drops instead of drops of artificial tears.
Like the drops, the oils are available as over-the-counter medicine.
The oil may obscure vision and therefore should be applied only before bed.
- Apply cold compresses for 10 minutes to reduce swelling of the eyelids and relieve itching.