When a blood vessel bursts in the legs, little amount of blood can appear under the skin as bruises or spider veins. There are many reasons which can cause broken blood vessels in legs but injuries are the most common reason. Bleeding into the skin appear as red or purple bruises or spots (small dots) similar to thin threads under the skin or like purpura (flat larger patches).
The breakage of the capillaries in the legs is due to injury to the wall of the smallest blood vessels in the body. The burst blood vessels can be seen throughout the body, but are more common in:
The capillaries carry nutrients and oxygen to the cells. They are very delicate and fragile, therefore they break easily, especially in case of excessive pressure.
- 1 What causes bursting blood vessels in Legs
- 2 Burst blood vessel in leg symptoms
- 3 How to remove? Treatment for broken blood vessels on legs.
- 4 How to prevent blood vessels from bursting
- 5 Broken blood vessels on legs pictures
What causes bursting blood vessels in Legs
Often, burst blood vessels are a sign of poor circulation. There are some reasons what makes blood vessels bursting in the leg. Below are risk factors for varicose veins:
Inheritance and gender
Broken capillaries are a genetic problem. People with parents who suffer from broken capillaries on the legs are more likely to develop this problem.
Varicose veins and ruptured blood vessels are more common in women than in men, rarely seen in children.
Old Age People
Veins are more visible at the age of 50-60 years. As you get older, the skin becomes thinner and the capillaries lose their elasticity. The valves in the veins weaken with age, therefore the blood stagnates in the veins. This increases the pressure inside the veins and capillaries and causes the dilation of these blood vessels. This further leads to bursting blood vessels in the leg.
Broken blood vessels become more visible when the skin becomes thinner.
Hormone imbalance is another factor that can affect the strength of veins and capillaries. A high level of estrogen and progesterone can dilate veins and capillaries:
- Estrogens cause vasodilation.
- Progesterone causes an increase in the flexibility of the arteries.
On the other hand, too low level of estrogen and progesterone can reduce the ability of the veins to withstand pressure. A low estrogen level can increase the risk of hypertension in women, the capillaries bursting are very frequent during menopause due to the decrease of these hormones.
During pregnancy the amount of blood that flows in the body increases. This can cause dilation of the veins. The enlargement of the uterus can compress the inferior vena cava on the right side of the body.
The consequence is the increase in pressure inside the veins of the legs that causes venous dilation.
Sometimes the valves in the veins do not work properly because of this phenomenon, so the blood stagnates and causes varicose veins.
Chronic venous insufficiency
Veins carry blood from the legs to the heart against the force of gravity. The reflux of the blood down, due to the force of gravity, is blocked by small valves that are in the veins.
When these valves do not work properly, blood builds up in the veins and capillaries of the legs. In the end, the small blood vessels weaken because of the increased pressure and break up.
This problem is called chronic venous insufficiency. The main risk factors are age, obesity and a sedentary lifestyle.
The risk of developing varicose veins is greater in people who have a sedentary lifestyle. Chronic venous insufficiency may worsen when it lasts a long time:
- With legs crossed
- Of magpie
Other possible causes
- Excessive exposure to the sun and heat.
- Injury or trauma to the legs.
- Liver problems.
- Tumor in the abdomen.
Burst blood vessel in leg symptoms
Among the symptoms of burst or popped blood vessels and venous circulation problems are:
- Red, blue, or purple spots seen on the lower extremities.
- Pains in the legs or burning.
- Itchy Legs.
- Swollen legs and ankles.
- Heavy legs.
- Capillaries that bleed slightly under the skin.
How to remove? Treatment for broken blood vessels on legs.
Varicose veins and burst blood vessels usually do not cause problems. For most people, it’s just an aesthetic concern.
Who to go to in case of broken blood vessels in the leg?
The doctor who deals with circulation problems is the Angiologist.
Treatment for broken blood vessels in the leg
- Pharmacological treatment
There are oral medications and medicinal creams that can be used for capillaries burst.
The ointments contain vitamin K, C, and E.
There are creams that contain a large number of flavonoids such as Antistax®.
Among the most commonly prescribed oral medications are troxerutin (Venoruton).
- Laser Treatment
The laser treatment consists of sending an electromagnetic beam to the block of bleeding capillaries. It is also used to narrow blood vessels, to prevent the breakage of capillaries in the future.
In general, a single session that lasts about 15-20 minutes is sufficient. In the most serious cases, the session can be repeated.
As most of the other Laser treatments, this also has side effects. Among the side effects are:
- Sclerotherapy Treatment
Sclerotherapy is a treatment in which a solution is injected into the veins that close the wound and lightens the spots on the skin. The broken vein and blood vessels disappear in a few days.
Sclerotherapy is more effective than laser treatment if done correctly.
Among the side effects are:
- Itchy legs
- Color alteration of the skin
- Natural Home Remedies for Burst blood vessels
When burst blood vessels are not very pronounced, they can be treated at home. It is recommended to eat lots of fruit and vegetables rich in vitamin C and K, for example:
- Col, etc.
To increase your vitamin C intake, your doctor may recommend taking a vitamin C supplement daily. The local application of an ointment with vitamin K twice a day can be very useful against burst blood vessels.
Among the herbal remedies to treat burst blood vessels are :
- Cranberry and horse chestnut (strengthen the veins)
- Rusco (vasoconstrictor of the smooth muscles of the venous wall)
- Asiatic spark
- At Roja
How to prevent blood vessels from bursting
- An active lifestyle and regular physical activity can improve blood circulation and strengthen the veins. The most useful activities to improve circulation is running and swimming.
- Avoid staying in the same position (sitting or standing) for a long time. If this can not be avoided, you should take brief breaks and lift your legs for a few minutes.
- Lightweight compression stockings can be used to improve circulation and prevent the development of burst blood vessels.
- Wear comfortable shoes, especially if you have to stand to work for a long time.
- Do not wear shoes with heels.
- Maintain an adequate body weight to avoid applying more pressure on the veins.
- Avoid the habit of crossing your legs while sitting.
- Avoid salty foods since too much sodium causes fluid retention that can increase the pressure in the blood vessels.
- Follow a healthy diet with more fresh fruit, vegetables and avoid processed foods.
- You can hide or camouflage imperfections of the skin with makeup, for example, Collistar brand or Covermark.
- Waxing can cause a trauma that damages the capillaries, therefore women suffering from capillary fragility would have to use the shaver.
Broken blood vessels on legs pictures