What is balanitis? Discover the causes and treatment

Balanitis is an inflammation that affects the mucosa present in the head of the penis. Correct hygiene and taking medications can solve the problem, however it can be easily confused with penile cancer , which also has this type of inflammation. Going to the doctor is essential to check the disease.


Causes and diagnosis

There are countless factors that can irritate this region, such as the use of soaps, ointments or other substances, as well as friction with some tissues. In other cases, the origin of the disease may be associated with viruses, bacteria and fungi that can be transmitted during sexual intercourse or due to poor hygiene.

The patient should report the symptoms to the doctor and also perform tests to find out if the inflammation is infectious or not. Performing a biopsy can be useful to diagnose the presence of ulcers or cancer of the penis .


Itching, redness, swelling, increased local temperature and a bad smell are the best known symptoms. Men who do not carry out the hygiene of the place are usually more affected by the problem. Diabetes and immunodeficient patients are also more predisposed to the disease.


Correct hygiene is one of the simplest ways to avoid and treat complications, when it is found that this is the origin. In other cases, the use of antibiotics or antifungals may be prescribed by the doctor. In some circumstances it is important that the treatment is also done by the sexual partner.


Any change in the penis requires attention on the part of the man. To rule out the risk of cancer you need to go to the doctor. With proper care related to hygiene and the use of medicines, the problem tends to disappear.