Treatments include:

  • Medicines
    • The corticosteroids topical (creams or cortisone-based ointments) are often used to treat eczema, but are not the same steroids that some athletes use. 
      Generally, the treatment for eczema provides for the application of these medications in the affected areas twice a day. 
      An overdose of these creams and ointments applied in sensitive areas can damage the skin, especially in children.
    •  Oral antihistamines (to help reduce itching).
    • Oral or topical antibiotics (to prevent or treat secondary infections that are common in children with eczema).
    • Immunomodulators : medicines that alter the way the immune system reacts.
  • Ultraviolet radiation
    Treatments for older children with severe eczema include ultraviolet (UV) radiation under the supervision of a dermatologist to eliminate the rash and reduce the discomfort.
  • Emollient creams

 

What to do in case of eczema?Prevention

It is possible to help prevent or treat eczema by avoiding:

  • May the skin become dry or itchy,
  • Contact with substances that worsen dermatitis.

Try to follow the tips below:
1. Avoid hot and frequent baths in the child because they tend to dry the skin. 
2. Use warm soapy water or mild detergent without parabens. 
3. Avoid using fabric softeners and scented soaps. 
4. Avoid rubbing (friction) with sponges during the washes. Instead, gently pat the skin. 
5. Avoid wearing synthetic or irritating clothing such as wool. Dress in soft clothes that “breathe”, for example the cotton clothes. 
6. Keep your child’s nails short to minimize skin damage caused by scratches. 
7. During the night, put light and comfortable gloves on the baby if night scratches are a problem. 
8. Eliminate possible allergens, such as:

  • Certain foods,
  • Dust,
  • Hairs of domestic animals.

This can help reduce the symptoms in allergic individuals.

 

Natural and home remedies for atopic dermatitis

  • Apply ointments, lotions or moisturizing creams to the skin after a few minutes of bathing, after having lightly wiped the skin.
  • Even if your child is using a cortisone cream prescribed by the doctor, ask your doctor if you can apply moisturizers or lotions.
  • Avoid lotions and moisturizers that contain alcohol because they can make the skin dry.
  • Apply cold compresses (for example, a wet and cold towel) on areas of irritated skin to relieve itching.
  • Among Grandmother’s remedies to reduce itching, it is possible to use bath products based on:
    • Oatmeal flour,
    • Rice starch.

 


Diet and diet for atopic dermatitis

The foods that should be avoided are those to which the person is allergic because they can cause the symptoms of eczema.

Among the most effective natural treatments there are the natural diets;  many people reduced their symptoms by changing their diet. 
The diets that produced the best results based on the patients’ reports are:

  • The vegan diet with at least 50% raw food,
  • The blood type diet ,
  • The Paleo or Paleolithic diet .

According to natural medicine, rashes are not random, but are a defense mechanism of the body . 
The body must eliminate the toxins that produce the organs, for example:

  • During digestion,
  • To produce energy and movement.

A part is expelled through intestinal evacuation, urine and perspiration, but if the production of waste is excessive, some diseases may occur, such as:

  • Dermatitis,
  • Psoriasis .
  • The accumulation of mucus in the airways, etc.

Outdoor physical activity and the sun help get rid of toxins through sweat, but also eating is crucial.

The foods that cause an increased production of toxins during digestion are the ones that contain many substances together, for example, processed foods:

  • Sweets,
  • Dairy products,
  • Pizza,
  • Condiments, etc.

Food combinations are key to avoid:

  • The fermentation in the digestive tract , namely the decomposition of food containing incompletely digested simple and complex sugars. This phenomenon causes the formation of lower fatty acids and gases.
  • The intestinal putrefaction , ie the production of toxins caused by poor digestion of foods rich in protein.

The body can digest one type of food at a time, so when the person eats carbohydrates and protein together, the digestion slows down and there is the production of toxins.

 

A person can reduce the symptoms of dermatitis by following:

  • A high protein diet, such as the blood type,
  • A diet based on vegetables and low in protein, such as vegan / raw food ,
  • A natural diet with food of plant and animal origin, such as the Paleo diet.

Among the elements in common to these types of food are:

  • The elimination of dairy products ,
  • The reduction or elimination of cereals, especially those with gluten ,
  • Avoid overeating,
  • Wait for the end of the digestion of the previous meal before eating,
  • Eat at most 2/3 food at the same meal,
  • Do not take medicines or supplements.

 

How long does it last? The prognosis of the patient with atopic dermatitis

In many cases, eczema passes and symptoms may disappear completely for a few months or even years. 
In many children, it begins to improve at the age of 5 or 6 years; others may experience an exacerbation throughout adolescence and as long as they are young. 
In 60% of children with atopic dermatitis, symptoms disappear in adolescence.

In some children, the disease may improve and then return in early puberty. 
At this stage it is caused by:

  • Hormones,
  • Stress ,
  • Skin irritation,
  • Cosmetics,
  • Other factors that the researchers still do not understand.

The prognosis is worse in case of:

  • Eczema that has spread to the whole body,
  • Serious symptoms,
  • Patient also suffering from asthma or allergic rhinitis.

Some people have dermatitis only when they are adults, with areas of dry and scaly skin that cause itching. 
Eczema is not contagious and therefore there is no need to keep the child away from other children, siblings or anyone else.

 

Possible Complications of Atopic Dermatitis or Eczema

  • Skin infections caused by bacteria, fungi or viruses,
  • Permanent scars,
  • Side effects of cortisone and other medicines to control eczema.

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