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Abdominal Cramps – Causes and During Pregnancy

Causes of abdominal cramps

Appendicitis
The sudden onset of pain and cramps in the lower right abdomen are symptoms of appendicitis .

Appendicitis is one of the leading causes of cramping in children along with intestinal blockage and lactose intolerance .
Other symptoms include:

In case of appendicitis, the belly becomes rigid and extremely painful to the touch.
If this disease is not treated, it can cause sepsis and death.

Diverticulitis
In diverticulosis , small pouches are formed along the wall of the colon.
Sometimes these bags become inflamed and a disease called diverticulitis develops.
The symptoms are:

  • Abdominal pain,
  • Cramps,
  • Burning,
  • Excess intestinal gas,
  • Nausea,
  • Diarrhea ,
  • Constipation,
  • Fever,
  • General malaise.

Endometriosis
The Endometriosis is a disease characterized by growth of tissue that normally lines the uterus (endometrium) into the abdominal cavity.
Over time, these out-of-place cells form scars that can cause lower abdominal pain .
Other symptoms include:

  • Cramps, especially at the end of the menstrual cycle,
  • Pain during intercourse ,
  • Very painful menstrual cycles,
  • Tiredness.

Food
poisoning Salmonella food poisoning  is one of the most frequent food-related problems in the United States, with more than 30 million cases reported each year.
Acute intoxication causes:

  • Abdominal cramps,
  • Nausea,
  • Diarrhea,
  • Vomiting.

Gallstones
A gallstone is a deposit of cholesterol, calcium, and bilirubin located in the gallbladder or common bile duct.
Calculations can cause:

Gastritis
The symptoms of  gastritis include:

Abdominal cramps are felt to the left, just below the ribs.
The symptoms of gastritis appear about half an hour after eating.
In more severe cases, there may also be:

Colic caused by gastritis can occur at night if the individual dies late.

Heat Stroke Severe
abdominal cramps caused by excessive sodium loss are a severe symptom of heat stroke .
Treatment involves immediate cooling and replenishment of liquids and minerals.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Episodes of abdominal cramps with diarrhea (sometimes alternating with constipation) are characteristic of irritable bowel syndrome . The disease usually develops in adolescents or young adults and is exacerbated by stress .

Menstrual
cramps The cramps associated with the menstrual cycle are among the most common symptoms that occur before the cycle.
The pain is caused by an overproduction of prostaglandins, substances similar to the hormones that cause:

Taking anti-inflammatory drugs , which block prostaglandins, relieves pain in up to 90% of cases.

Parasitic infections
The tapeworm ,  giardia and other intestinal parasites can cause:

Traveler’s Diarrhea Traveler
‘s diarrhea is characterized by:

  • Attacks of diarrhea,
  • Nausea,
  • Vomiting,
  • Abdominal cramps.

It is usually related to travel and warm climates.

Ulcerative colitis
the  inflammation of the intestine, called ulcerative colitis , manifests with:

Diarrhea often contains mucus with traces of blood and can be switched to constipation.
The lower abdomen can be painful and swollen.

Celiac disease or gluten intolerance
Gluten is a protein found in many grains, including:

  • Kamut,
  • Wheat,
  • Barley,
  • Rye,
  • Avena.

If people with celiac disease eat foods or products with gluten, your gut is damaged (destruction of intestinal villi).
Among the symptoms of celiac disease are:

Lactose Intolerance
It is a disease characterized by a lack of the enzyme lactase, which is used to digest lactose.
Symptoms of lactose intolerance include:

  • Swelling,
  • Pain,
  • Nausea and rarely vomiting,
  • Diarrhea,
  • Abdominal cramps.

 

Severe illnesses that cause abdominal cramps

In some cases, abdominal cramps may indicate a very serious problem.
Some cancers , including cancer of the pancreas , ovaries, and liver,  cause pain and abdominal cramps.
In addition, inflammation of an organ can indicate a serious cause of abdominal pain.
The most common form of inflammation in the abdomen is appendicitis.

The most common causes of abdominal pain are not fatal, but it is best to consult your doctor.

 

Abdominal cramps and bloating

The most common causes of cramps accompanied by swollen belly are:

  • Appendicitis,
  • Menstrual cramps,
  • Irritable bowel syndrome,
  • Celiac disease,
  • Lactose intolerance.

 

Abdominal cramps and diarrhea

Among the causes of abdominal cramps accompanied by diarrhea are:

  • Celiac disease,
  • Lactose intolerance,
  • Ulcerative colitis,
  • Traveler’s Diarrhea,
  • Parasitic infections,
  • Irritable bowel syndrome,
  • Food poisoning,
  • Diverticulitis.

 

Abdominal cramps during pregnancy

If the pregnant woman feels slight cramps in the abdomen, she should not worry because they are normal in pregnancy.
They occur especially in early pregnancy and during the second trimester, when the baby’s weight increases.
Sometimes colic are a consequence of a digestion problem.
Light colic can rarely be a medical emergency, but if the pain is severe and persistent, it is necessary to see a doctor.

Relaxation
The muscles and ligaments that support the uterus are stretched and stretched in all directions during pregnancy.
This can cause cramps from time to time.
The pain may be mild or severe.
It can be particularly noticeable when making a quick move, such as:

  • Get up from a chair,
  • To cough,
  • To sneeze.

No need to worry. Some women have cramps when they perform exercises that cause even more stress on muscles and ligaments that are already overloaded.
If the woman experiences cramps during exercise, she should listen to her body, stop and rest.

Cramps may also remind you to pay attention to what you eat.
The poor digestion can cause cramps.
When you overeat or eat the wrong foods, you may feel cramps in your stomach . Constipation also causes very painful cramps.

Cramps in early pregnancy
The egg clings to the wall of the uterus a few days after conception (in the first week of pregnancy ).
By the time the egg is rooted, the woman may experience cramps that are normal and should not cause concern.

Attention
Sometimes colic is a sign of danger that should not be ignored.
There are three situations that can cause colic:

  • Spontaneous abortion. About 20% of pregnancies end in abortion in the first three months of pregnancy. ( Spontaneous abortion occurs when the fetus or embryo has not developed enough to survive outside the uterus.)
    Severe cramps in the first trimester (often in conjunction with bleeding  from the vagina) can indicate problems.
  • Ectopic pregnancy. If the fertilized egg deposits outside the uterus, it will not survive and will cause severe pain in the lower abdomen and  bleeding .
    The cramps are felt in the first weeks of pregnancy.
  • Preterm birth
    Every year, hundreds of thousands of children are born before the 9th month.
    Premature labor is characterized by several signs, including abdominal cramps.

Is it normal to experience cramps in the days after delivery?
Yes. Many women experience pain and abdominal cramps that worsen during lactation.
They are caused by contractions of the uterus, when it regains the size it had before pregnancy. These cramps can last up to a week after giving birth.

 

Cramps during the race

In some cases, those who have painful abdominal cramps feel like lying down in the fetal position in bed after each aerobic workout.
However, it is not necessary to stop running for fear of pain.

Food and Drink
Avoiding eating 2 to 4 hours before exercise can help prevent abdominal cramps.
The dehydration  can also cause cramps; it is advisable to drink water before, during and after training.

Treatment for muscles

Strengthening muscles with exercises like push-ups can help prevent cramps during workouts.
Also, for cramps to stop after they occur, you need to take a break and deep breaths.

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