Abdominal cramps and abdominal pain: causes, in children, in pregnancy

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Causes of abdominal cramps

Appendicitis (appendicitis)
Sudden pain and cramps on the right side of the lower abdomen are symptoms of appendicitis.

Appendicitis is one of the most common causes of spasms in children, along with intestinal obstruction and lactose intolerance.

Other symptoms include:

In appendicitis, the abdomen is stiff and extremely sensitive to touch.
If left untreated, appendicitis can lead to blood poisoning and death.

Diverticulitis
In diverticulosis, increased protrusions of the mucous membrane (diverticula) form in the large intestine.
When these protuberances become inflamed, they are called diverticulitis.
Symptoms include:

  • abdominal spasms,
  • Colics
  • Burn
  • bloating,
  • Nausea
  • diarrhea,
  • Constipation
  • Fever
  • general malaise.

Endometriosis Endometriosis
is a condition in women in which the lining of the uterus (endometrium) occurs outside the uterine cavity.
Over time, these cells in the wrong place form adhesions that can cause pain in the lower abdomen.
Other symptoms include:

  • convulsions, especially at the end of the menstrual cycle,
  • pain during sexual intercourse,
  • very painful menstrual cycles,
  • physical fatigue.

Food poisoning Salmonella-related food poisoning
is one of the most common food-related disorders in the United States: more than 30 million cases are reported annually.
Acute poisoning causes:

  • abdominal cramps,
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhoea
  • Vomit.

Gallstones A gallstone is a deposit of cholesterol, calcium and bilirubin in the gallbladder or bile duct.
Gallstones can cause:

  • severe pain in the upper abdomen, radiating to the back or right side and right shoulder,
  • jaundice (jaundice),
  • Nausea
  • mild fever,
  • tachycardia,
  • flatulence,
  • Belch.

Gastritis (gastritis)
Symptoms of gastritis include:

The abdominal cramps are felt on the left side, just below the ribs.
Symptoms appear about half an hour after eating.
In more severe cases, it also occurs:

The cramps caused by gastritis can occur at night when dinner is late.

Heat stroke Severe abdominal cramps caused by sodium deficiency are the serious symptom of heat stroke
.
The treatment provides for immediate cooling and the supply of liquids and mineral salts.

Irritable bowel syndrome Abdominal spasms with diarrhea (sometimes alternating with constipation) are characteristic of irritable bowel syndrome. The condition usually develops in late adolescence and is exacerbated by stress.

Menstrual pain
Many women and girls suffer from abdominal cramps during their menstrual period.
The pain is caused by excessive production of prostaglandins (hormone-like substances), possible consequences are:

  • Inflammation
  • Ache
  • Abdominal bloating.

Anti-inflammatory drugs that stop prostaglandins help in up to 90% of cases.

Infections caused by intestinal parasites Taenia, Giardiaand other intestinal parasites
can cause symptoms such as:

Traveler’s diarrhea Travel diarrhea
is characterized by:

  • severe attacks of diarrhoea,
  • abdominal cramps,
  • Nausea
  • Vomit.

As a rule, it is related to travel to warm countries

Ulcerative colitis
Intestinal inflammation, which is called ulcerative colitis, is characterized by:

Diarrhea often contains traces of blood and can alternate with constipation.
The lower abdomen may hurt and be hard.

Celiac disease or gluten intolerance
Gluten is a protein found in many grains, including:

  • Kamut,
  • Wheat
  • Barley
  • Spelt
  • Oats.

If someone suffers from gluten intolerance and eats gluten-containing foods and products, the intestine experiences damage (destruction of the villi).
Symptoms of celiac disease include:

Lactose intolerance
This disorder is characterized by deficiency of the lactase enzyme, which is necessary for the digestion of lactose (milk sugar).
Symptoms of lactose intolerance include:

  • Swelling
  • Ache
  • nausea and, in rare cases, vomiting,
  • Diarrhoea
  • Abdominal cramps.

Serious illnesses in abdominal cramps

In some cases, the abdominal cramps are an indication of a very serious disease.
There are certain types of cancer, such as pancreatic, ovarian, and liver cancer, that cause abdominal pain and cramps.

Also, the inflammation of an organ is a serious cause of abdominal pain.
The most common form of abdominal inflammation is appendicitis.

In most cases, the causes of abdominal pain are not life-threatening, but it is recommended to consult a doctor.

Abdominal cramps and swelling

The most common causes of abdominal cramps associated with a swollen abdomen are:

  • Appendicitis
  • menstrual pain,
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Coeliac disease
  • Lactose intolerance.

Abdominal cramps and diarrhea

Causes of abdominal cramps that occur along with diarrhea include:

  • Coeliac disease
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • traveler’s diarrhea,
  • parasitic infections,
  • irritable bowel infection,
  • Food poisoning
  • Diverticulitis.

Abdominal cramps in pregnancy

You do not have to worry immediately if slight abdominal cramps occur, this is quite normal in pregnancy. They occur mainly at the beginning and during the second trimester of pregnancy, when the child’s weight increases.

Sometimes they arise only as a result of a digestive problem.
Only rarely do the mild cramps represent a medical emergency, but if the pain is severe and persistent, you need to see a doctor.

Relaxation
The muscles and ligaments that hold the uterus are stretched and stretched in all directions during pregnancy.
This can sometimes cause cramps.
There may be mild or severe pain.
They can be felt particularly clearly during a rapid movement, such as:

  • Stand up
  • Cough
  • Sneeze.

That’s nothing to worry about. Some women have cramps when they perform gymnastic exercises and the already tense muscles and ligaments are additionally stressed.
If the cramps occur during the exercises, one should listen to his body, stop and rest for a while.

Cramps can also be a sign of paying better attention to nutrition.
Poor digestion can cause cramps.
Too much or wrong food can trigger stomach cramps. Also, constipation causes extremely painful cramps.

Cramps at the beginning of pregnancy

The fertilized egg attaches itself to the uterine wall (in the first week of pregnancy).
At the moment when the egg “implants”, cramps may be felt; this is quite normal and nothing to worry about.

Attention
Sometimes the cramps are an alarm signal that should not be ignored.
There are three situations that can cause cramps:

  • Miscarriage. About 20% of pregnancies end in miscarriage within the first three months. (A miscarriage occurs when the embryo has not developed sufficiently to survive outside the uterus).
    Severe cramping in the first three months of pregnancy (often along with vaginal bleeding) may indicate problems.
  • Ectopic pregnancyIf the fertilized egg implants outside the uterine cavity, it is not able to survive and causes severe abdominal pain and bleeding.
    The cramps occur in the first weeks of pregnancy.
  • Premature birthEvery year, hundreds of thousands of children are born before the 9th month.

A premature birth can be recognized by various signs, including abdominal cramps.

Is it normal to feel cramps a few days after giving birth?
Yes. Many women have abdominal pain and cramps that get worse when breastfeeding.
They are provoked by the contractions of the uterus, which is trying to regain its original size. The cramps can last up to a week after birth.

Cramps when running

Sometimes you want to lie down on the bed after an aerobic workout because of the abdominal cramps in embryonic position.
However, you don’t have to stop running for fear of the pain.

Food and drink
You can prevent abdominal cramps if nothing is eaten 2 to 4 hours before training.
Dehydration (dehydration) can also cause cramps; you should drink before, during and after training.

Treatment of muscles
Strengthening the muscles through exercises such as abdominal presses (crunches) can prevent cramps during training.
If cramps occur, it is necessary to take a break and take a deep breath.

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