32 weeks of gestation: changes in mother and baby

Despite being practically in the final stretch, with 32 weeks of gestation, the woman and the baby are still going through some physical changes.

There is still space in the uterus, but little by little the baby’s movements are becoming more limited, as he tends to gain a lot of weight from the 32nd week until delivery.

The woman also goes through changes in her body and has specific symptoms of late pregnancy, such as back pain, especially in the lower back.

Because it is very close to childbirth, it is important that the pregnant woman starts a preparatory course for that moment, to be calmer, control anxiety and know what to do when the time comes.

Find out below the main changes of this gestational week, in the mother and baby:


32 weeks of gestation is how many months?

The 32-week pregnant woman is in her eighth month of pregnancy , near the end. When counting for weeks, if the delivery is not premature, on average it is 40 weeks for the baby to be born. However, up to 42 weeks it is still within normal time, even though more medical attention is needed.

Usually, pregnancy is counted in weeks because the baby develops and changes a lot in short intervals.

Thus, at 32 weeks, the baby still moves a lot in the womb and is in the process of gaining weight until the moment of delivery. With this growth, the woman tends to notice that the movements become less frequent.

Fetus development

The 32-week-old baby manages to have a good perception of external sounds. The growth and development of the brain is constant. With the exception of the skull, the bones in the rest of the body also begin to become more rigid.

There is also a growth of nails, greater development of hearing and the heart begins to beat, on average, 150 times per minute.

In addition, during this period the fetus also has its eyes open when awake and is able to blink, responding to external light stimuli (such as bringing a flashlight to the mother’s belly).

At 8 months, the baby is already able to survive outside the womb, although it is still considered premature. But it is not a healthy healthy delivery because he is still very thin and needs that last month to continue his development and gain weight.

Symptoms and changes in the pregnant woman during 32 weeks of gestation

At 32 weeks of gestation the woman has a hard belly, characteristic of pregnant women who are close to childbirth. She may experience cramping, swelling in her feet, calf, back pain and lower back. It is common for the woman’s navel to become larger, which can be noticed even under clothes.

A dark line may appear from the navel to the intimate region as well, due to hormonal changes in pregnancy. However, this mark is fleeting and tends to disappear even in the first months after delivery.

As in the 31st week of pregnancy, the woman may also experience fatigue , tiredness and shortness of breath due to the baby’s position in the belly. Depending on how it is positioned, it may end up pressing on the diaphragm, which makes it difficult for the mother to breathe.

The woman can also suffer a lot to find a comfortable position to sleep and rest, due to pelvic pain and the size of the belly.

Read more: Is it normal to experience colic in pregnancy? Until when do they occur?

At 32 weeks of gestation is the baby already fitted?

At 32 weeks, the baby is already able to stand upside down (vertex position), fitted in the ideal position for birth. However, until birth he can move and change his position several times.

This is because it is surrounded by a large amount of amniotic fluid in the uterus, which facilitates this change to be turned upside down. In the coming weeks, the amount of fluid will decrease as the baby grows.

The baby fits between the 32nd and 34th week, because, as seen, after this period he will hardly have this free space for many movements.

Read more: Mucous tampon: know how it is and can cause colic

Baby size at 32 weeks gestation

The baby at this stage has its size compared to that of a kale foot. On average, the fetus at 32 weeks of gestation is 42cm long (from head to toe).

What is the ideal weight for a 32-week-old baby?

At 32 weeks of gestation, the baby is still a little far from birth weight. The ideal is that at this stage he has between 1.5 kg and 1.7 kg. By the end of pregnancy, the baby tends to double in weight.

As well as throughout the pregnancy, it is also essential that the pregnant woman maintain a healthy diet, consuming nutritious foods, rich in vitamins and minerals essential for the baby’s development.

Through exams and medical follow-up, it is also possible to confirm that his development and weight are within the expected for this phase.

How to prepare until the moment of delivery?

The ideal is that the pregnant woman seeks to remain calm and prepared physically and psychologically for the moment of birth. Light exercises can be done, such as walking and yoga, to help with fitness.

Strengthening the pelvic floor is more important than ever. Some exercises indicated by the obstetrician can help.

The diet should be rich in nutrients and water consumption should be about 2 liters per day. Avoiding excessive salt intake can also help reduce swelling in your feet and legs.

Faced with any unusual symptom, the pregnant woman should seek medical help.